Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Life-Span Development Chapter 1 Terms
Santrock, John W. (2011) A Topical Approach to Life-Span Development, 6th Edition. McGraw-Hill ISBN: 9780078035135 Chapter 1: Introduction: Key Terms
Terms in this set (40)
The pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the human life span.
The perspective that development is lifelong, multidimensional, multidirectional, plastic, multidisciplinary, and contextual; involves growth, maintenance, and regulation; and is constructed through biological, sociocultural, and individual factors working together.
normative age-graded influences
Influences that are similar for individuals in a particular age group.
normative history-graded influences
Influences that are common to people of a particular generation because of historical circumstances.
nonnormative life events
Unusual occurrences that have a major impact on the individual's life.
The behavior, patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a group of people that are passed on from generation to generation.
Comparison of one culture with one or more other cultures. These provide information about the degree to which development is similar, or universal, across cultures, and to the degree to which it is culture-specific.
a characteristic based on cultural heritage, nationality characteristics, race, religion, and language.
socioeconomic status (SES)
Classification of a person's position in society based on occupational, educational, and economic characteristics.
The characteristics of people as males or females.
A government's course of action designed to promote the welfare of its citizens.
Processes that produce changes in an individual's physical nature.
Processes that involve changes in an individual's thought, intelligence, and language.
Processes that involve changes in an individual's relationships with other people, emotions, and personality.
Debate about whether devlopement is primilary influenced by nature or nurture. Nature refers to to an organism's biological inhertiance, nuture to its environmental experiences.
Debate as to whether and to what degree we become older renditions of our early experience (stability) or whether we develop into someone different from who we were at an earlier point in development (change).
Debate that focuses on the extent to which development involves gradual, cumulative change (continuity) or distinct stages (discontinuity).
The interrelated, coherent set of ideas that helps to explain phenomena and make predictions.
Specific assumptions and predictions that can be tested to determine their accuracy.
Theories that describe development as primarily unconscious and heavily colored by emotion. Behavior is merely a surface characteristic, and the symbolic workings of the mind have to be analyzed to understand behavior. Early experiences with parents are emphasized.
Theory that proposes eight stages of human development. Each stage consists of a unique developmental task that confronts individuals with a crisis that must be resolved.
Theory stating that children actively construct their understanding of the world and go through four stages of cognitive development.
A sociocultural cognitive theory that emphasizes how culture and social interaction guide cognitive development.
Theory emphasizing that individuals manipulate information, monitor it, and strategize about it. Central to this theory are the processes of memory and thinking.
social cognitive theory
Theoretical view that behavior, environment, and cognition are the key factors in development.
Theory stressing that behavior is strongly influenced by biology, is tied to evolution, and is characterized by critical or sensitive periods.
Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory
Bronfenbrenner's environmental systems theory that focuses on five environmental systems: microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem.
eclectic theoretical orientation
An orientation that does not follow any one theoretical approach, but rather selects from each theory whatever is considered the best in it.
A controlled setting in which many of the complex factors of the "real world" are removed.
Observing behavior in real-world settings.
A test with uniform procedures for administration and scoring. Many standardized tests allow a person's performance to be compared with the performance of other individuals.
An in-depth look at a single individual.
A type of research that aims to observe and record behavior.
A type of research that strives to describe the strength of the relationship between two or more events or characterists.
A number based on statistical analysis that is used to describe the degree of association between two variables.
Carefully regulated procedure in which one or more factors believed to influence the behavior being studied are manipulated while all other factors are held constant.
A research strategy in which individuals of different ages are compared at one time.
A research strategy in which the same individuals are studied over a period of time, usually several years or more.
Effects due to a person's time of birth, era, or generation but not to actual age.
Use of an ethnic label such as African American or Latino in a superficial way that portrays an ethnic group as being more homogeneous than it really is.
Sets found in the same folder
Life-Span Development Chapter 2 Terms
Life-Span Development Chapter 3 Terms
Life-Span Development Chapter 4 Terms
Life-Span Development Chapter 5 Terms
Sets with similar terms
Life-Span Development Chapter 1 Terms
Developmental Psychology (Ch 1)
Human Growth and Development Chapter 1
Life Span Development Chapter 1
Other sets by this creator
Dutch Conjunctions / Prepositions
Dutch Adjectives / Adverbs
Other Quizlet sets
twelfth night: Iii
Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) through Sept…
N.T.C.H. Pace 132