9th LA EOCT - Domain 3

Content Domain III: Writing

Terms in this set (...)

Formal Tone
an academic style of writing where the writer avoids colloquial words, does not use contractions, does not use emotion, does not write in 2nd person, and uses long and more complex sentences
a paragraph that signals closure at the end of an essay...will usually revisit the content in the thesis, as well as main ideas
the intended reader of a piece of writing...
the primary message of a piece of writing...the rest of the paper should support and explain this sentence
Main Idea
what a piece of writing is about...can usually be found in the title or the thesis statement
Casual Tone
a style of writing where the writer can use colloquial words or expressions, contractions, cliches, and emotions
Subordinate or Supporting Ideas
can often be found in the topic sentence of each paragraph, or in the body paragraphs
Supporting Ideas
examples can include anecdotes, descriptions, facts, and statistics
Chronological order
a form of writing structure where the events occur in the order in which they happened
Cause and effect
a form of writing structure explains that because _______ happened, _______ happened
Compare and contrast
a form of writing structure that discusses similarities and differences between two things
Asking and answering questions
a form of writing structure where the author poses a question and then answers it using evidence and supporting ideas
Topic Sentence
introduces a topic or idea...usually begins a body paragraph in an essay
Concluding Sentence
summarizes a topic or idea of a passage
Unnecessary Sentence
could be out of sequence, or extraneous, or unrelated to the topic
Sentences are used to
engage an audience, develop a controlling idea, summarize a passage, or provide detailed information in a style and tone that is appropriate for the intended audience
Informational Passages
include reports, magazine articles, or informative essays
Technical Passages
include consumer and workplace documents such as letters, warranties, memorandums, user manuals, internet sites, and advertisements
Intended Audience
when reading a technical passage, was it written for a particular group of people who share a common interest or is its target audience the general public?
Formal Language
is more grammatically precise and contains longer sentences and more elaborate wording
Informal Language
is not always grammatically accurate, and it may involve slang words and phrases
Steps in the Research Process
1. Decide on a topic, 2. Locate primary and secondary sources, 3. Paraphrase information, 4. Identify and analyze sources, 5. Document sources
Primary Sources
records of events by people who participated in or witnessed the events
Secondary Sources
records of events by people who did not participate...includes textbooks, encyclopedias, and almanacs
taking the information you read and rewriting it in your own words
simply copying down, word for word, exactly what your source material said (taking someone else's words or ideas and presenting them as your own)
Reference materials
informative, nonfiction resources like an encyclopedia, almanac, or The Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature
Reference List
usually documented in a bibliography or a works cited page
gathering ideas, organizing your thoughts
creating a rough version of the paper, often
more than one
Revising and Editing
looking at your draft with a
critical eye and making improvements
polishing your paper to make sure it is free of
Steps in the Writing Process
Prewriting, Drafting, Revising and Editing, Proofreading