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Pediatrics ATI seizures and head injuries
Terms in this set (12)
What are some risk factors for seizures?
genetic predisposition, head trauma, cerebral edema, infection, metabolic disorders, brain tumor, acute drug or alcohol withdrawal.
Absent seizures are most common in
absent seizures consist of..
loss of consciousness that lasts seconds
During a seizure the nurse should...
protect child from injury, position child to provide patent airway, be prepared to suction oral secretions, turn child to the side, loosen restrictive clothing, don't attempt to restrain, do no attempt to open jaw or insert an airway during a seizure.
Post seizure a nurse should...
maintain child in side-lying position, check vitals, assess for injuries, perform neurological checks, allow child to rest, reorient and calm the child, institute seizure precautions, encourage child to describe period before, determine if an aura was experienced, try to determine trigger, document onset and duration.
How can head injuries be classified?
open, closed, mild, moderate, severe
Open head injuries pose a high risk for...
What are some risk factors for head injuries?
lack of supervision, poor/absent safety practices, improper use of safety devices
What are some signs of increased ICP and brain stem involvement?
severe headache, deteriorating LOC, restlessness, irritability, agitation, dilated/fixed, constricted/fixed pupils, slow to react pupils, alteration in breathing pattern.
A Glasgow coma scale score of 8 or less are associated with
severe head injury and coma
A GCS of 9-12 indicates
moderate head injury
A GCS of 13 or greater reflects
minor head trauma
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