33 terms

final exam review

Permanent storage is sometimes called
secondary storage
The processor uses temporary storage, called ____, to temporarily hold both data and instructions while it is processing them.
primary storage
The recommended requirements to run Windows 2000 Professional include a ____ MHz Pentium-compatible processor
When you refer to a drive and directories that are pointing to the location of a file, as in C:\wp\data\myfile.txt, the drive and directories are called the ____ to the file.
____ are circuits or paths on the motherboard that enable data, instructions, and power to move from component to component on the board.
____ is code-named Longhorn.
Windows Vista
The term ____ refers to the computer's physical components, such as the monitor, keyboard, memory chips, and hard drive.
A device that is not installed directly on the motherboard is called a(n) ____ device.
Linux is distributed by several different companies, whose versions of Linux are sometimes called ____.
A ____ port is used for high-speed multimedia devices such as digital camcorders.
Subdirectories are also known as ____.Subdirectories are also known as ____.
Circuit boards other than the motherboard inside the computer are sometimes called ____.
When each logical drive is formatted, a single directory table is placed on the drive called the ____.
root directory
A ____ on the desktop is an icon that points to a program you can execute, or to a file or folder.
When an OS is first executed, the initial screen that appears, together with its menus, commands, and icons, is called the _____.
A 1 or 0 in the binary number system is called a ____.
The ____ gives a graphical view of hardware devices configured under Windows and the resources and drivers they use.
Device Manager
A(n) ____ is software that controls a computer.
operating system
____ was the operating system used by early versions of Windows, including Windows 3.1 and Windows 3.11
The main bus on the motherboard that communicates with the CPU, memory, and the chipset is known as the ____.
system bus
Most motherboard BIOSs and operating systems support a power-saving feature using standards developed by Intel, Microsoft, and Toshiba, called the ____ standards.
____ offers a Recovery Console and a Command Prompt window where you use DOS-like commands.
Windows 2000/XP
Some older motherboards provide a ____ port, which is often used for an external modem or a serial mouse.
A hard drive or floppy disk is composed of ____, which are concentric circles on the disk surface.
A ____ port can be used by many different input/output devices, such as keyboards, printers, scanners, and digital cameras.
The ____ writes data and instructions in storage devices and performs calculations and other data processing.
Applications written to provide a GUI shell for Unix and Linux are called ____.
X Windows
In the 1940s, ____ came up with the brilliant idea to store and read only two values, on and off.
John Atanasoff
When a Mac is turned on, the ____ program is automatically launched and it provides the desktop.
RAM boards are called ____.
memory modules
____ is one million cycles per second.
Megahertz (MHz)
The method of using the hard drive as though it were RAM is called ____.
virtual memory
The width of a data bus is called the ____.
data path size