5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define Between-system neuroadaptation.
- According to egoism theory, why do individuals help others?
- In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define neuroadaptations.
- In Work Motivation what are the "can do" "will do", "allowed to do"?
- According to Opponent Process Theory what is the initial affective(hedonic or emotional response due to?
- a Ability, Motivation, and Situational constraints
- b Activation of an opposing circuitry (stress system)
- c the underlying A-process. Initially pleasant A-state is large, followed by a small B-state.With repeated use the opponent B-process increases in magnitude and duration...resulting in an experience dominated by the unpleasant symptoms associated with WD.
- d because they expect to benefit either directly or indirectly from helping
- e Attempt to regulate over-activation of reward system.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A fear that a person has that OTHERS will see them as prejudice
- Changes with-in a reward system to accomodate over-activity....leads to elevations in the brains reward threshold WHICH THEN results in a decrease in reward functioning.
- Feel a social pressure to comply with nonprejudicial social norms.External locus of control.Fail to live up to it they threatened.
- Helping at cost to self
- A "modern" kind of prejudice held by people who do not consider themselves prejudiced and who would find any accusation of being prejudiced aversive, BUT who nevertheless harbor some negative beliefs and hostile feelings toward members of minority groups.
5 True/False questions
According to Cameron how can rewards be administered so that they will not impair intrinsic motivation? → Reward contingencies enhance perceptions of autonomy and self-determination
Latham and Saari → 60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".
What are the main features of the Incentive-sensitization model (Berridge)? → A fear that a person has that OTHERS will see them as prejudice
Describe method involved and result sof study by Masserman → 24 subjects Used 3D puzzles w/7 cube pieces.Measured time played w/puzzle when exp. left room. Time1-Control and Exp. config.same puzzles. Time 2:Exp. group PAID for each configuration completed.control not paid. Time 3: NO group Paid. Result:Experimental (paid)group spent less time config. puzzles..appears their intrinsic motivation was impaired by paying them. Control gourps intrinsic Mot. appears to have increase each time they completed the configurations.
In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define the two types of cravings. → Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.