5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Describe 3 critical components of work performance.
- In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define neuroadaptations.
- Describe the mechanism, that according to the Perception-Action Theory lies at the core of empathetic capacity.
- What specific neural mechanisms developed to confer survival advantages?
- In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define the two types of cravings.
- a Baby cry>neural mechanism>attending to needs. "defeated other">neural mech.>consolation. Need to learn skill> neural mech.>imitation. Neural Mechanisms>Altruism
- b Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.
- c Situational constraints: anything in the environment that might facilitate or retard behavior. Ability: regarded as fairly stable within each individual. Motivation: the final determinant of behavior.
- d Attempt to regulate over-activation of reward system.
- e Empathy is the ultimate mechanism ANd when the subject tends to the objects state similar states are automatically and unconsciously activated
5 Multiple choice questions
- Brain system is sensitized and mediates a subcomponent of reward termed "incentive salience" (WANTING) has been sensitized and has enhanced incentive value.There is an increase in "wnating" not "liking"
- 24 subjects Used 3D puzzles w/7 cube pieces.Measured time played w/puzzle when exp. left room. Time1-Control and Exp. config.same puzzles. Time 2:Exp. group PAID for each configuration completed.control not paid. Time 3: NO group Paid. Result:Experimental (paid)group spent less time config. puzzles..appears their intrinsic motivation was impaired by paying them. Control gourps intrinsic Mot. appears to have increase each time they completed the configurations.
- Ability, Motivation, and Situational constraints
- Critical discrepancy occurs when they feel that someone has seen passed their facade and they are "outed as prejudice". To compensate they would like make an obvious outward gesture to exhibit to others that "they aren't really prejudice" (lying of course). They feel threatened and respond with .....so called "proof".
- Taken because they are positively reinforcing and feel good.
5 True/False questions
Identify IND. Var., INT, Var., and DEP var. involved in motivation to respond w/o prejudice? → Personal standard a person feels they must live up to that influences both their public and private behaviors.
According to Opponent Process Theory what is the initial affective(hedonic or emotional response due to? → the underlying A-process. Initially pleasant A-state is large, followed by a small B-state.With repeated use the opponent B-process increases in magnitude and duration...resulting in an experience dominated by the unpleasant symptoms associated with WD.
In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define With-In system neuroadaptation. → Changes with-in a reward system to accomodate over-activity....leads to elevations in the brains reward threshold WHICH THEN results in a decrease in reward functioning.
According to kinship theory why do individuals help others? → sacrificing reproductive process for the reproductive success of offspring
In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define Anti-reward system. → Through repeated activation of reward system stress/emotion systems are strengthened adding negative affects to the once positive effects. Adds a little rain to the happy party.