5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- How does drug abuse develop according to the Opponent Process Theory?
- What are the main features of the Incentive-sensitization model (Berridge)?
- In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe the IND var. , the INT. var., and the DEP. var.
- For high EM individuals, what is the critical discrepancy that gives rise to motivation (that is, what are the reference criterion and the input) and what compensatory BH would the individual perform.
- Latham and Saari
- a Allostatic load is conseq. of repeated deviations from homeostasis, results in changed set points (dysregulation).Increased intake is to counteract negative symptoms and avoid WD symptoms.Person want sot feel good so attempts regulation because normal functioning has been dyregulated.
- b Critical discrepancy occurs when they feel that someone has seen passed their facade and they are "outed as prejudice". To compensate they would like make an obvious outward gesture to exhibit to others that "they aren't really prejudice" (lying of course). They feel threatened and respond with .....so called "proof".
- c IND+drug cues (context). INT-Incentive salience (wanting). DEP=Compoulsive drug seeking and use.
- d S-R habits=CS>US>incentive salience> pursuit>CS(loops). Sensitized incentive salience=CS>US>STRONGER incentive salience (due to being OVERSENSITIZED)>pursuit (does not end in a loop).
- e 60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".
5 Multiple choice questions
- Personal standard a person feels they must live up to that influences both their public and private behaviors.
- Goal Core (specificity, difficulty, performance and learning goals), Moderators (goal commitment and importance, self-efficacy, feedback, task complexity)Mechanisms(commitment,importance,self-efficacy,feedback,complexity),Both moderators and mechanisms are Int.Variables. All three lead effect Performance(productivity,cost-improvement). Then there is Willingness to commit and Satisfaction w/performance which both loop back to Moderators.
- the underlying A-process. Initially pleasant A-state is large, followed by a small B-state.With repeated use the opponent B-process increases in magnitude and duration...resulting in an experience dominated by the unpleasant symptoms associated with WD.
- They already know they are not prejudice and feel no need to exhibit that internalized value to others.
- Situational constraints: anything in the environment that might facilitate or retard behavior. Ability: regarded as fairly stable within each individual. Motivation: the final determinant of behavior.
5 True/False questions
In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define counter-adaptive processes. → Part of normal homeostatic limitations of reward, fail to return to a homeostatic state. The systems become dysregulated. Reward functioning decreases but the stress system is still activating.
In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe VERY BRIEFLY "liking" and "wanting". → Wanting=Incentive salience Liking=Pleasurable or euphoric effect of drugs.
What is implicit prejudice? → Subtle and ambiguous discrimination. Ex: almost all companies promote equal opportunities for employees, but OFTEN times that is not the case.
What standards guild the BH of an EM individual? → Personal standard/moral responsibility they feel. It is internalized and personally important nonprejudicial standard.If they fail to live up to it they feel guilty.It is intrinsic.
In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define Addiciton. → Activation of circuits involved in positive reinforcement.