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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe the IND var. , the INT. var., and the DEP. var.
  2. According to kinship theory why do individuals help others?
  3. What is aversive racism?
  4. How does drug abuse develop according to the Opponent Process Theory?
  5. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe "wanting"
  1. a A "modern" kind of prejudice held by people who do not consider themselves prejudiced and who would find any accusation of being prejudiced aversive, BUT who nevertheless harbor some negative beliefs and hostile feelings toward members of minority groups.
  2. b IND+drug cues (context). INT-Incentive salience (wanting). DEP=Compoulsive drug seeking and use.
  3. c Brain system is sensitized and mediates a subcomponent of reward termed "incentive salience" (WANTING) has been sensitized and has enhanced incentive value.There is an increase in "wnating" not "liking"
  4. d sacrificing reproductive process for the reproductive success of offspring
  5. e Allostatic load is conseq. of repeated deviations from homeostasis, results in changed set points (dysregulation).Increased intake is to counteract negative symptoms and avoid WD symptoms.Person want sot feel good so attempts regulation because normal functioning has been dyregulated.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Taken because they are positively reinforcing and feel good.
  2. Ability, Motivation, and Situational constraints
  3. Changes with-in a reward system to accomodate over-activity....leads to elevations in the brains reward threshold WHICH THEN results in a decrease in reward functioning.
  4. Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.
  5. Reward contingencies enhance perceptions of autonomy and self-determination

5 True/False questions

  1. What is external motivation to respond without prejudice (EM)?Personal standard a person feels they must live up to that influences both their public and private behaviors.

          

  2. Altruism is defined as?60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".

          

  3. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define neuroadaptations.Process by which drug-taking BH becomes a compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over other activities. Inability to stop using...often results in relapse.

          

  4. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe "liking".Brain system is sensitized and DO NO mediate LIKING: the pleasurable or euphoric effects of drugs.

          

  5. According to egoism theory, why do individuals help others?because they expect to benefit either directly or indirectly from helping