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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Describe the mechanism, that according to the Perception-Action Theory lies at the core of empathetic capacity.
  2. How does drug abuse develop according to the Opponent Process Theory?
  3. According to kinship theory why do individuals help others?
  4. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define With-In system neuroadaptation.
  5. Into what 3 categories can egoistic explanations be directed?
  1. a sacrificing reproductive process for the reproductive success of offspring
  2. b Empathy is the ultimate mechanism ANd when the subject tends to the objects state similar states are automatically and unconsciously activated
  3. c Changes with-in a reward system to accomodate over-activity....leads to elevations in the brains reward threshold WHICH THEN results in a decrease in reward functioning.
  4. d 1. Receiving material, Social and Self-rewards. 2. Avoid punishments. 3. Reduce arousal
  5. e Allostatic load is conseq. of repeated deviations from homeostasis, results in changed set points (dysregulation).Increased intake is to counteract negative symptoms and avoid WD symptoms.Person want sot feel good so attempts regulation because normal functioning has been dyregulated.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. As goal specificity and difficulty increase , goal related performance increases.
  2. Subtle and ambiguous discrimination. Ex: almost all companies promote equal opportunities for employees, but OFTEN times that is not the case.
  3. 60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".
  4. Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.
  5. Critical discrepancy occurs when they feel that someone has seen passed their facade and they are "outed as prejudice". To compensate they would like make an obvious outward gesture to exhibit to others that "they aren't really prejudice" (lying of course). They feel threatened and respond with called "proof".

5 True/False questions

  1. In the discussion of Drug Addiction define compulsive drug seeking.these render the brains rewards system hypersensitive (sensitized) to drug effects and drug associated stimuli (cues). Activated through S-S connections such as context it was used in, place, smell, sounds.)


  2. In Work Motivation what are the "can do" "will do", "allowed to do"?Brain system is sensitized and mediates a subcomponent of reward termed "incentive salience" (WANTING) has been sensitized and has enhanced incentive value.There is an increase in "wnating" not "liking"


  3. Altruism is defined as?Helping at cost to self


  4. How does drug abuse develop according to Positive reinforcement interpretation?Taken because they are positively reinforcing and feel good.


  5. What specific neural mechanisms developed to confer survival advantages?Feel a social pressure to comply with nonprejudicial social norms.External locus of control.Fail to live up to it they threatened.