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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Describe method involved and result sof study by Masserman
  2. What standards guild the BH of an EM individual?
  3. Latham and Saari
  4. For high EM individuals, what is the critical discrepancy that gives rise to motivation (that is, what are the reference criterion and the input) and what compensatory BH would the individual perform.
  5. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define reward system.
  1. a Activation of circuits involved in positive reinforcement.
  2. b Subject: macaque monkeys. Goal of the study was to find the motivation of and influencing factors in altruistic behavior.Monkey taught pull lever=food. Then place in cell where a different cell had electric floor (Plexiglas between and SOUND PROOFED. After pulling lever that fed full amount of meal other monkey was shocked.Result:10.15 pulled shocking lever less than the other lever.1 pulled NEITHER lever for 5 days.! pulled NEITHER for 12 days.BH shown to be effected by familiarity and previous exposure to shock.NOT factors:age,size,sex dominance
  3. c 60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".
  4. d Critical discrepancy occurs when they feel that someone has seen passed their facade and they are "outed as prejudice". To compensate they would like make an obvious outward gesture to exhibit to others that "they aren't really prejudice" (lying of course). They feel threatened and respond with .....so called "proof".
  5. e Feel a social pressure to comply with nonprejudicial social norms.External locus of control.Fail to live up to it they threatened.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. IND=a context that would evoke bias, learning processes that create standards,Pavlovian,social modeling influences, instrumental, influences cultural influences. INT Var=concern for normative standards (high-low) and Internal standard (biased-nonbiased). DEP Var.= distortion of surveys, public BH,Self-determination goals.
  2. A compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over all other activities...the inability to stop using.
  3. IND+drug cues (context). INT-Incentive salience (wanting). DEP=Compoulsive drug seeking and use.
  4. Process by which drug-taking BH becomes a compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over other activities. Inability to stop using...often results in relapse.
  5. Reward contingencies enhance perceptions of autonomy and self-determination

5 True/False questions

  1. For high IM individuals, what is the critical discrepancy that gives rise to motivation (that is, what are the reference criterion and the input) and what compensatory BH would the individual perform.This individual would not be motivated to exhibit compensatory BH.Their morals are internalized.

          

  2. What standards guild the BH of an IM individual?Personal standard/moral responsibility they feel. It is internalized and personally important nonprejudicial standard.If they fail to live up to it they feel guilty.It is intrinsic.

          

  3. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe neuroadaptations.Brain system is sensitized and DO NO mediate LIKING: the pleasurable or euphoric effects of drugs.

          

  4. Pitfalls of goal setting60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".

          

  5. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe "wanting"Brain system is sensitized and DO NO mediate LIKING: the pleasurable or euphoric effects of drugs.