Science EOG, 5th Grade, Weather Concepts
Science 5th Grade EOG Concepts and Information, North Carolina
Consist of billions of tiny water droplets (and even ice crystals) and clouds form when raising air cools and the moisture in it condenses to water droplets.
Are rain bearing clouds that are dark and ragged at the edges.
Are fluffy like pieces of cotton. Often they are thick and extend very high in the sky.
Are flat layers that form close to the Earth. They are often connected with stormy weather.
Are thin wispy and form high in the sky. They appear before a change in the weather.
The process in which water moves through the ground, evaporates from the earth into the air, forms clouds, and falls back to earth.
Rain, snow, sleet, or hail.
The process in the water cycle by which gas becomes a liquid.
The process in the water cycle in which a liquid becomes a gas because water was heated.
Water flowing over the Earth's surfaces into the lakes, rivers, and oceans.
Water that has soaked into the soil.
The state of atmosphere at a certain time and place.
Is the measure of how warm or cold something is.
is the average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time.
Is Earth spinning around once every 24 hours, resulting in day and night.
Is Earth moving in a path around the Sun, resulting in one Earth year.
the amount of water vapor in the air.
The distance from the equator can determine weather and climate, closer to the equator, the warmer the temperature.
Measure air pressure
Measure the precipitation
A person who forecast the weather and studies the climate patterns.
Is caused by differences in air pressure
A large body of air that has the same temperature and level of humidity thoughout.
Cool air masses
Where the land temperature is cool.
Warm air masses
Form over the land that is warm
Dry air masses
Form over dry areas
Wet air masses
Form over wet areas like oceans.
The weight of the air in an area.
Hotter temperature and more moisture
Cooler temperature and less moisture.
Forms when a warm air mass is caught between two cold air masses.
Occurs when a warm air mass and a cold air mass meet.
A cold air mass moves under a warm mass & pushes the warm air upward.
Forms when warm air bumps with colder air.
A gauge for recording the speed and direction for wind.
The farther up you go the temperature decreases. Air is less dense and cannot hold the heat.
The movement of air caused by cool air over the ocean moving toward the land.
The movement of air created by cool air over land moving toward the ocean.
The movement of air caused by cool air sinking and moving down the slope of a mountain.
The movement of air created by warm air rising and flowing up the slope of a mountain.
Usually winds move from west to east.
Mountains and Weather
Temperature in mountainous areas tend to be lower than those in a flat area.