28 terms

GSESS8H3 - All

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

French and Indian War
(1754-1763) - a war between England, France, and their Native American allies for control of North America. The English won the war and gained large area of North American from the French. The war did not affect Georgia directly but the Georgia colony gained land after the conclusion of the conflict.
Proclamation of 1763
Royal proclamation that forbade English colonists from settling newly acquired land west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Seven Years War
(1756-1763) - global conflict between the European great powers; the French and Indian War was part of this larger conflict.
Declaration of Independence
Tthree-part document that discusses natural rights, explains the wrongs committed by King George, and offers an official declaration of independence from England.
Grievances
An official statement of a complaint over something believed to be wrong or unfair.
Gwinnett, Button
Georgia signer of the Declaration of Independence; killed in a duel with Lachlan McIntosh.
Hall, Lyman
Georgia signer of the Declaration of Independence; governor of Georgia.
Preamble
The beginning of a document that explains why the document exists. In the case of the Declaration of Independence the preamble explains natural rights.
Walton, George
The youngest of the Georgia signers of the Declaration of Independence; Georgia governor, and U.S. Senator.
Battle of Kettle Creek
(February 14, 1779) - Small Revolutionary War battle in Georgia where patriot forces, led by Elijah Clarke, defeated 600 loyalists; one of the few patriot victories in the state.
Broadside
A sizable sheet of paper printed on one side.
Clarke, Elijah
Lieutenant Colonel of patriot forces who led the victory at the Battle of Kettle Creek.
Liberty Boys
The Georgia chapter of the Sons of Liberty; established in protest of the Stamp Act.
Loyalists
Colonists who were loyal to Great Britain; also known as Tories.
Patriot
Aa colonist who wanted to become independent from Great Britain.
Siege of Savannah
(September 16, 1779-October 18, 1779) - a failed attempt by the French and Americans to recapture Savannah during the Revolution.
Stamp Act (1765)
An act established by the British government to help repay the cost of the French and Indian War. This act was one of the first direct taxes placed on the colonies by the British Government causing much protest amongst the colonists. The act, which placed a tax on all legal documents, newspapers, and other paper products, was repealed in 1766.
Articles of Confederation
America's first written constitution; had many limitations that hindered the smooth functioning of the government.
Baldwin, Abraham
Georgia signer of the U.S. Constitution; also a U.S. Congressman, U.S. Senator, and the first president of the University of Georgia.
Constitution
A written document that outlines a country's government.
Constitutional Convention
Meeting that took place in Philadelphia from May to September 1787; original intent was to revise the Articles of Confederation, though the entire document was soon scrapped and a new constitution was written.
Few, William
Georgia signer of the U.S. Constitution; was also a judge and legislator for Georgia and New York.
Great Compromise
A compromise made between the large and small states during the Constitutional Convention; allowed for a two-house legislative branch with the number of senators for each state being equal (2 per state) and the number of members of the House of Representatives being based on the state's population.
Judicial Branch
Ggovernmental branch responsible for interpreting laws.
New Jersey Plan
A plan proposed by delegates of smaller states during the Constitutional Convention that favored a unicameral house with each state having the same number of delegates in Congress in order to have equal representation regardless of state size; also wanted to regulate interstate and international trade.
Three-Fifths Compromise
A compromise made between slave and free states during the Constitutional Convention; North and South agreed that a slave would count as 3/5 of a person in a state's population.
Unicameral Legislature
A one house legislature. Under the Articles of Confederation the U.S. legislative branch was unicameral.
Virginia Plan
A plan proposed by delegates from Virginia during the Constitutional Convention that favored population-weighted representation in the U.S. legislative branch.