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Lymphatic System, Immunology & Oncology

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Aquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Syndrome of opportunistic infections which depress the immune system; eventually fatal.
Adenocarcinoma
Cancerous tumor of a gland.
Adenoidectomy
Surgical removal of the adenoids.
Adenoids
Lymphatic tissue on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx.
Adenopathy
Disease of a gland.
Agammaglobulinemia
The absence of gamma globulin in the blood, causing the body to be unable to produce antibodies.
Alpha-Fetoprotein
Serum blood test to detect liver cancer.
Asymptomatic
Without symptoms.
Attenuated
Weakened
Autoimmunity
A condition in which the body produces antibodies against itself.
Candidiasis
Fungal (yeast) infection associated with HIV infection.
Carcinolysis
Destruction of cancer.
Cytologic Examination
An examination to study the formation, structure, and fuction of cells.
Disseminated
Scattered over a considerable part of the body.
Dormant
A period when cancer cells remain inactive.
Elisa
Initial HIV antibody test to detect the presence of HIV infection.
Encapsulated
Tumor that does not infiltrate the surrounding tissue.
Hepatosplenomegaly
Englargement of the speen & liver.
Hodgkin's Disease
Malignant painless enlargement of the lymph nodes.
Hyperplasia
Excessive development.
Immune
To be resistant to a disease.
Immunoglobulin
Blood proteins (antibodies)
Immunologist
One who studies immunology.
In Situ
Cancer in a localized spot.
Infectious Mononucleosis
Acute viral infection caused by the epstein barr virus.
Leukemia
Malignant blood disorder where there is an over abundance of WBC's.
Lipoma
A fatty tumor.
Lymph
Clear, watery fluid formed from interstitial fluid (tissue fluid).
Lymphadenectomy
Surgical removal of a lymph gland.
Lymphangioma
Tumor of lymphatic vessels.
Lymphoidectomy
Surgical removal of lymphatic tissue.
Lymphoma
Tumor in the lymphatic tissue.
Lymphosarcoma
Malignant neoplastic disorder of the lymphatic tissue.
Mastectomy
Surgical removal of the breast.
Melanocarcinoma
Black, cancerous tumor.
Metastasis
Movement of cancer cells from one part of the body to another.
Oncogenesis
Formation of cancer cells.
Opportunistic Infections
Diseases which take the opportunity to cause infection when the immune system is depressed.
Palliative
Treatment provided to relieve symptoms.
Papilloma
Nipple-like tumor.
Radiation Therapy
The use of radiation to destroy cancer cells.
Remission
The lessening in severity or abatement of the symptoms of disease.
Sarcoma
A type of skin cancer.
Scirrhus
A hard, cancerous tumor.
Spleen
Organ which stores platelets and filters out old RBC's and WBC's.
Splenalgia
Pain in the spleen.
Splenectomy
Surgical removal of the spleen
Splenomegaly
Enlargement of the speen.
Splenopexy
Surgical fixation of the spleen.
Splenoptosis
Prolapse of the spleen.
Splenorrhagia
Hemorrage of the spleen.
Splenorrhaphy
Suturing of the spleen.
System Lupus Erythematosus
An autoimmune disorder of connective tissue.
Thymopathy
Disease of the thymus gland.
Thymus Gland
Gland located in the medistinum which produces T-cells (a type of lymphocyte).
Tonsil
A mass of lymphatic tissue located on both sides of the back of the pharynx.
Tonsillectomy
Surgical removal of the tonsils.
Tonsilltis
Inflammation of the tonsils.
Vaccine
A live or killed suspension that will cause the body to build antibodies.
Western Blot
Confirmatory test for the presence of HIV infection.