Terms in this set (29)
List 3 causes of the Spanish-American War.
2. Social Darwinism
3. Yellow Journalism
What ship sunk to help start the Span-Amer War?
USS Maine - Americans blamed it on Spain, but cause of explosion was actually a problem with the boiler and not Spain's fault
Who was President of the US during the Span-Amer War?
President William McKinley; he had wanted a peaceful end to our issues with Spain, but the American public got so wound up about the Yellow Journalism
Who was the Assistant Secretary of the Navy?
What is Yellow Journalism? What role did it play in the Span-Amer War?
journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates news to create sensations and to attract readers; it got the U.S. public wanting war with Spain because of their mistreatment of Cubans
What 3 territories did the U.S. claim at the end of the Span-Amer War?
Guam and Philippines in Pacific and Puerto Rico
How long did the Span-Amer War last?
How many miles from Florida is Cuba?
90 miles to Key West
Who controlled Cuba before the Span-Amer War?
Spain, but Cuba had been trying to get their independence
Who captured the Philippines?
the U.S. did - led by Theodore Roosevelt's "Rough Riders" volunteer cavalry
What hill did the "rough Riders" win on?
They won the Philippines on San Juan Hill.
Who lead the "Rough Riders"? And who are they?
Theodore Roosevelt - was the assistant secretary of the navy and eventually did become a U.S. president; they were an all volunteer cavalry of college grads
What newspaper publisher used Yellow Journalism? Why did he?
William Randolf Hearst. He did it to make big headlines, get more readers, and sell more papers - to convince Americans to have a war with Spain
Who was "the Butcher"?
General Weyler; the Spanish General in Cuba who set up concentration camps for Cubans; many died
Name 2 Islands we took control of in the Pacific during this time.
Guam and the Philippines
What is social Darwinism?
theory that individuals or groups achieve an advantage over others as the result of genetic or biological superiority
Why did the U.S. want to become a world power?
1. to increase trade with other countries (help the economy)
2. to get more land and raw materials
3. to keep up with European leaders
4. to be a respected world leader as well
What was the De Lome Letter?
Letter written by a Spanish Diplomat in U.S. to a friend in Cuba. It was stolen and printed in U.S. papers. In it, the diplomat said bad things about President McKinley that made Americans more angry with Spain
policy of extending a nation's authority by getting more territories or by establishing economic or political control over another country
Commodore George Dewey
defeated the Spanish at Manila Bay, Cuba to take over Cuba by the U.S.
Cuban revolution leader; first fought against Spain for freedom, then with America against Spain, and eventually against America
Treaty of Paris 1898
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