51 terms

Keystone literary terms

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Terms in this set (...)

Symbol
Having an object, person, or idea stand or represent something else.
Setting
The place and time of a story's action.
Conflict
The struggle between opposing forces in a story or play.
______________ determines through whose eyes the story is told from.
Point of view
The three types of point of view are what?
-1st person
-3rd person limited
-3rd person omniscient
Two types of conflict in a story or play are:
- internal
- extrenal
Irony
A contrast between what is expected and what actually happens in a story.
Theme
The main idea, moral, or "insight into life" which the author wants you to pull from the story.
Characterization
The method an author uses to develop the personalities of his characters.
The five elements of plot/ storyline:
-exposition
-rising action
-climax
-falling action
-resolution/denovement
Foreshadowing
Technique used to give hints about what is going to happen next.
Novel
Literature form that is lengthy and fiction, usually includes chapters.
Short story
Literature form that is brief and fiction, usually only time for one plot.
Poetry
Literature form that has rhythm and is both vivid and emotional.
Play/ drama
Written for performance, consists entirely of dialogue.
Nonfiction
Literature form dealing with factual events and people.
Character
A person or animal in literature.
Plot
The arrangements of events in a story.
Point of view
The perspective from which the story is told, 1st or 3rd person.
Metaphor
A comparison between two unlike objects.
Simile
A comparison between two unlike objects using "like" or "as".
Symbolism
An object, character, or event that stands for something else.
Foreshadowing
A hint or suggestion of a coming event.
Dialogue
Conversation in literature between two or more people.
Protagonist
The hero/ heroine of the story.
Antagonist
The villain in a story (or person causing conflict).
Hyperbole
Exaggeration.
Elements of Fiction
Traits that mark a work as imaginative or narrative discourse (e.g., plot, theme, symbol).
Evaluate
Examine and judge carefully. To judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of something.
Falling action
That part of a literary plot that is characterized by diminishing tensions and the resolution of the plot's conflicts and complications.
Exposition
A narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances.
Explain
To make understandable, plain or clear.
Fact
A piece of information provided objectively, presented as true.
Focus
The center of interest or attention.
Elements of Nonfiction
Traits that mark a work as reportorial, analytical, informative, or argumentative (e.g., facts, data, charts, graphics, headings).
Generalization
A conclusion drawn from specific information that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person.
Explicit
Something that is clearly stated or fully expressed in the actual text.
Genre
A category used to classify literary works, usually by form, technique or content (e.g., prose, poetry).
First person
The "personal" point of view relates to events as they are perceived by a single character. The narrating character may offer opinions about the action and characters that differ from those of the author.
Figurative Language
Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.
Fiction
Any story that is the product or imagination rather than a documentation of fact. Characters and events in such as narratives may be based in real life but their ultimate form and configuration is a creation of the author.
Flashback
an organizational device used in literature to present action that occurred before current (present) time of the story. Flashbacks are often introduced as the dreams or recollections of one or more characters.
Alliteration
The repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words.
Analysis
The process or result of identifying the parts of a whole and their relationships to one another.
Affix
One or more letters occurring as a bound from attached to the beginning, end, or base of a word and serving to produce a derivative word or an inflectional form (e.g., a prefix or suffix).
Antonym
A word that is the opposite in meaning to another word.
Argument/ Position
The position or claim the author establishes. Arguments should supported with valid evidence and reasoning and balanced by the inclusion of counterarguments that illustrate opposing viewpoints.
Author's Purpose
The author's intent either to inform or teach someone about something, to entertain people or to persuade or convince his/her audience to do or not to do something.
Bias
The subtle presence of a positive or negative approach toward a topic.
Allusion
An implied or indirect reference in literature to a familiar person, place, or event.
Allegory
A form of extended metaphor in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative are equated with meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning may have moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas such as charity, greed, or envy.

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