study guide for population Geography
Terms in this set (31)
the characteristics of a population with respect to age, race, and gender.- the study of population
group of people who share some common quality or characteristics
crude birth rates
The number of live births per 1,000 population in a given year.
crude death rates
The number of deaths per thousand persons in a given year; also called crude mortality rate
Average number of children a woman will have during her childbearing years which occur between the ages of 15 and 44
infant mortality rates
the number of infant deaths under age 1 per 1000 live births
zero population growth
when the birth rate equals the death rate
change in a population from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates
The formula that calculates population change. The formula finds the increase (or decrease) in a population. The formula is found by doing births minus deaths plus (or minus) net migration.
the percentage of people who are too young or too old to work in a society . Reflects the number of people you will take care of during your lifetime
a graphic representation that shows gender and age distribution of a population
stage one of the demographic transition
a low growth stage - high CBR - high CMR
stage two of the demographic transition
a high growth stage - high CBR - dropping CMR
stage three of the demographic transition
a moderate growth stage - declining CBR- low CMR
stage four of the demographic transition
a low growth stage - low CBR - low CMR
expansive population policy
government policy that encourages large families and raises the rate of population growth
restrictive population policy
Government policy designed to reduce the rate of natural increase.
eugenic population policy
government policy designed to favor one race over another
the portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
The uninhabited or uninhabitable area of the world.
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
crude population density
total number of people per unit area of land in a place or region
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
population is equivalent to the carrying capacity of the occupied area
an English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in the means of subsistence (1766-1834)
term used to describe a region that has insufficient resources to support the number of people living there
having a lower population density than normal or desirable
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
epidemiologic transition - stages1 and 2
stage of ET where deaths result from pestilence, famine, infectious or parasitic diseases
epidemiologic transition - stages 3 and 4
stage of ET where deaths result from degenerative and human created diseases.