21 terms

American history 8 Chapter 5a

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The religious revival in Britain
Methodist Revivals
Religious revival in America
Great Awakening
Jonathan Edwards
sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
one of the smartest men ever in America
entered Yale at age 13
George Whitefield preached outdoors because
other ministers did not like his evangelistic sermons and barred him from their churches
over 20,000 people listened to him at a time
Results of the Great Awakening
many people were saved from sin
a new missionary spirit started in America
new colleges were founded
people's hearts were prepared for religious and political freedom
Princeton, Brown, Rutgers, Dartmouth were a direct result of
the Great Awakening
Dartmouth was founded as
a training school for Indians to be missionaries to their own people
French and Indian War
1754-1763, Seven Years' War i Europe
The Indians sided with the French in the French-Indian War because
they thought the English wanted their lands. The French traded furs with them. The French were not building homes and farms.
The French and Indian War decided for America that
the country would be based on English government and language, that Protestant faith would grow, the Bible would be in English, and most settlers came from England.
General Braddock's soldiers were easy targets because
they wore bright red uniforms.
The war turned in Britain's favor in
1758 with George Washington.
The French retreated to Quebec
and the winning general was Gen. Wolfe.
The Peace of Paris
ended the French-Indian War in 1763.
The colonists were different from English soldiers because
they wanted religious and political freedom, they regarded themselves as Americans, the Great Awakening had united them, they fought for their families and land. The English soldiers were paid to fight and avoided unnecessary risks. They had to pay to become an officer.
The colonists were physically healthy and strong
because they had a productive agricultural system.
George III made two big mistakes:
he took out his frustrations with Parliament by lashing out at the American colonies. He appointed prime ministers who overtaxed the colonies and violated English law.
George Grenville
cancelled all previous land grants with the Proclamation of 1763.
The British had gone heavily in debt from the
Seven Years' War and they wanted to force the colonies to pay their share of the debt.
The Stamp Act taxed any paper document and
would punish anyone who evaded paying the tax by trying them without a jury. This violated English law.
The Stamp Act Congress asked the king to
defend their rights as Englishmen, to resist any taxation, to restore their royal charters and to restore the land grants given to the original colonies.