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A&P Lab 4
Terms in this set (46)
ribs 1-7 are called what and how are they attached?
true ribs and directly attached
ribs 8-10 are called what and how are they attached?
false ribs and are attached indirectly
ribs 11-12 are called what and how are they attached?
floating ribs and are not attached to the sternum
Which bones form each pectoral girdle?
Scapula and clavicle
Which part of the human skeleton is specialized for weight bearing and locomotion?
the lower limb
Which part of the human skeleton is specialized for protection?
Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?
What is the axial skeleton
the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate. In the human skeleton, it consists of 80 bones and is composed of six parts; the skull bones, the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone, the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column
what is the appendicular skeleton
divided into six major regions: Pectoral girdles (4 bones) - Left and right clavicle (2) and scapula (2). Arms and forearms (6 bones) - Left and right humerus (2) (arm), ulna (2) and radius (2) (forearm).
Which of the following bones is part of the appendicular skeleton?
Which structures act as shock absorbers between adjacent vertebrae and add flexibility to the vertebral column?
Which structure attaches the lower limb to the axial skeleton and transmits the weight of the upper body to the lower limb?
Which bone in the leg is most responsible for weight bearing?
The axial skeleton can be divided into the skull, the vertebral column, and the __________.
This single bone of the skull underlies the area we commonly call the forehead.
Eight bones make up the __________ , which encloses and protects the brain.
is a large oval opening (foramen) in the occipital bone of the skull
The foramen magnum is located in which bone of the skull?
How many thoracic vertebrae are there?
The seven bones of the neck are called __________ vertebrae.
The __________ vertebrae articulate with the corresponding ribs.
The transverse processes of vertebrae point ________, while the spinous process points ________.
What is the name of the holes in the spine.
bone in the throat
is the hyoid bone part of the appendicular or axial skeleton?
How many pairs of ribs are there?
The __________, commonly referred to as the breastbone, is a flat bone formed by the fusion of three bones: the manubrium, the body, and the xiphoid process.
This bone does not articulate with any other bone in the body. Muscles of the neck and tongue attach to it.
How many carpals make up the wrist?
dentify the bones that make up the wrist.
Identify the bones that make up the palm of the hand.
How many phalanges are located in the hand?
are the bones of the clavicle part of the appendicular or axial skeleton?
Identify the bones of the pectoral girdle and relate their structure and arrangement to the function of this girdle.
clavicle and scapula
what bone does the upper inside of the humorous articulate with?
The __________ girdle attaches the upper limb to the axial skeleton.
How many bones are found in the arm or brachial region?
Name the bone or bones of the forearm.
radius and ulna
The _________________ of the scapula articulates (forms a joint) with the head of the humerus.
The medial end of the clavicle articulates with the ________.
The arm consists of one long bone, the __________.
Name the large bone or bones of the thigh
The hip (coxal) bones articulate (form a joint) with each other at the _______.
This bone is commonly called the kneecap.
How many bones are found in the leg?
This bone articulates with the acetabulum.
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