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Social Problem Ch 4 Crime
Terms in this set (57)
In all countries, the most common crime is
What country has the highest crime rate?
Self-report offender surveys reveal that nearly ________ percent of the adult population has engaged in some type of criminal activity.
According to Merton's strain theory of crime, individuals who accept the cultural goal of achieving material success but reject or lack the legitimate means to achieve this goal are
According to conflict theory, the greater the inequality in a society, the ________ the crime rate in that society.
How many rapes are acquaintance rapes?
What measures the percentage of cases in which an arrest and official charge have been made and the case has been turned over to the courts?
According to ________ theory, those in power define what is criminal and what is not.
The term " ________ deviance" refers to deviance that results from being caught and labeled.
________ murders have more than one victim in a killing event.
________ refers to the willful or non-negligent killing of one human being by another individual or group of individuals.
What accounts for 2/3 of all arrests?
economic marginalization of women relative to men
Increases in female crime rates can be attributed to
The most common type of property crime is
someone they know
Most victims of rape were raped by
Examples of ________ include using illegal drugs, engaging in or soliciting prostitution, illegal gambling, and pornography.
In ________ , prostitution is legal. Although a country of only 16 million, there is an estimated 25,000 to 50,000 sex workers.
Prostitution is illegal in the U.S. with the exception of several counties in
Pornography, particularly Internet pornography, is a growing international problem. Regulation is made difficult by fears of government censorship and legal wrangling as to what constitutes " ________ ."
________ refers to criminal activity conducted by members of a hierarchically arranged structure devoted primarily to making money through illegal means
criminal activity that occurs across one or more national borders
An act, or the ommision of an act, that is a violation of a federal, state, or local criminal law for which the state can apply sanction
the number of crimes commited per 100,000 population
the % of crimes in which an arrest and offcial charge have been made and the case has ben turned over to the court
Devuant 異常な behavior commited before a person is caught and labled an offender
Devuant 異常な behavior that result from being caught and labled an offender
crimes identified by the FBI as the most serious, including personal or violent crimes (homicide, assault, rape, and robbery) and property crimes (larceny, motor vehicle theft, burglary, and arson)
Rape comitted by someone know to the victim
Rape commited by a stranger, with the use of a weapon, resulting in serious bodily injury to the victim
is simple theft, it does not entail force or the use of force, or breaking and entailing
Illegal activities that have no complaining particioant(s) and are often thought of as crimes against morarity, such as prostitution. (vice crime)
criminal activities conducted by members of a hierarchically arranged structure devoted primarily to making money throuhg illegal means
Includes both occupational crime, in which individuals commit crimes in the course of their employment, and corporate crime, in which corporations violate the law in the interest of maximizing profit
The use of privileged (i.g. nonpublic) information by an employee of an organization that gives that employee an unfair advantage in buying, selling, and trading stocks or other securities
the production of unsafe products and the failure of corporations to provide a safe working environment for their employee
any violation of the law in which a computer is the target or means of criminal activitiy
the use of someone else's identification (i.g. SSN, birth date) to obtain credit or other economic rewards
An approach that forcuses on how the subordinate position of women in society affects their criminal behavior and victimization
the law enforcement practice of targeting suspects on the basis on the basis of race
the use of harm or the threat of harm to prevent unwanted behavior
A return to criminal behavior by former inmate, most often measured by re-arrest, re-conviction
A criminal jusice philosophy that argues that recidivism can be reduced by changing the criminal through such programs as substance abuse counseling, job training, education, and so on.
A criminal justice philosophy that argues that recidivism can be reduced by placing offenders in prison so that they are unable to commit further crimes against the general public.
the conditional release of an offender who, for a specific time period and subject to certain conditions, remains under court supervision in the community
----- entails release from prison, for a specific time period and subject to certain conditions, before the inmate's sentence is finished
the state (federal or state gov't) takes the life of a person as punishment for a crime
The largest international police organization in the world
The U.S. has the highest violent crime rate in the world
law enforcement agancies
The Uniform Crime Reports is a compilation of data from
According to -----, crime results from the absence of legitimate合法の opportunities as limited by the social structure of society
Which of the following is not an index offence?
The economic cost of white-collar crime outweigh the costs of traditional street crime
Women everywhere commit less crime than men
Court supervision in the community in lieuの代わりに(instead of) of incarceration
Europe is an advisory and support law enforcement agency for European Union member
is the most common method of execution in the U.S.
The U.S. has the highest incarceration rate in the world.
Sets with similar terms
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