28 terms

Medical Terminology Quiz 3

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Abrasion
Scraping or rubbing away of epidermis; may result in localized bleeding and later weeping of serous fluid
Approximated
Edges of wound come together
Blanching
when pressure applied to skin area turns a lighter color or pale
Debridement
removal of dead tissue from a wound
Dehiscence
separation of the edges of a wound revealing underlying tissue
Erythema
redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that is a result of dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries; e.g. sunburn
Eschar
thick layer of dead, dry tissue that covers a pressure ulcer of thermal burn. may be allowed to be sloughed off naturally, or it may need to be surgically removed.
Evisceration
protrusion of visceral organs through a surgical wound
Fistula
abnormal passage from an internal organ to the surface of the body or btw two internal organs
Friction
effects of rubbing or the resistance that a moving body meets from the surface on which it moves; a force that occurs in a direction of opposite movement
Granulation
soft, pink, fleshy projections of tissue that form during the healing process in a wound not healing by primary intention
Primary intention
primary union of the edges of a wound, progressing to complete scar formation without granulation
Secondary intention
wound closure in which the edges are separated; granulation tissue develops to fill the gap; and, finally, epithelium grows over granulation, producing a larger scar than primary intention
Slough
is defined as yellow devitalized tissue, that can be stringy or thick and adherent on the tissue bed
Epithelialization
The formation of granulation tissue into an open wound allows the reepithelialization phase to take place, as epithelial cells migrate across the new tissue to form a barrier between the wound and the environment.
Exudate
fluid, cells, or other substances that have been discharged from cells or blood vessels slowly through small pores or breaks in cell membranes
Hematoma
collection of blood trapped in the skin or an organ
Hemorrhage
escape of blood from a ruptured vessel especially when profuse
Hemostasis
termination of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means or the coagulation process of the body
Induration
hardening of a tissue, particularly the skin, because of edema or inflammation
ischemia
decreased blood supply to a body part such as skin tissue or to an organ like the heart
Laceration
torn, jagged wound
Purulent
consisting of pus
Sanguineous
containing blood
Serosanguineous
means containing or relating to both blood and the liquid part of blood (serum).
Serous
serum
Shear
force exerted against the skin while the skin remains stationary and the bony structures move
Wound
an injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impact, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken.