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10 terms

Motivation

STUDY
PLAY
Drive-reduction theory
internal biological needs push us towards homeostatis
arousal theory
for most tasks performance is best when we are experiencing moderate levels of physiological arousal (Yerkes-Dodson law)
high need for achievement
preference for challenging yet achievable goals because they must be successful
low need for achievement
preference for very difficult--excuse for failure--or very easy goals
intrinsic motivation
a desire to perform a behavior for its own sake
extrinsic motivation
a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment
Cannon-Bard theory
thalamus sends simultaneous messages to the cortex and autonomic nervous system so bodily response and experience of emotion happens at the same time
Schachters two-factor theory
bodily arousal must be labeled or interpreted for an emotional experience to occur.
James-Lange theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
Maslow's fundamental needs
physiological and safety