for most tasks performance is best when we are experiencing moderate levels of physiological arousal (Yerkes-Dodson law)
high need for achievement
preference for challenging yet achievable goals because they must be successful
a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment
thalamus sends simultaneous messages to the cortex and autonomic nervous system so bodily response and experience of emotion happens at the same time
Schachters two-factor theory
bodily arousal must be labeled or interpreted for an emotional experience to occur.
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli