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Drive-reduction theory

internal biological needs push us towards homeostatis

arousal theory

for most tasks performance is best when we are experiencing moderate levels of physiological arousal (Yerkes-Dodson law)

high need for achievement

preference for challenging yet achievable goals because they must be successful

low need for achievement

preference for very difficult--excuse for failure--or very easy goals

intrinsic motivation

a desire to perform a behavior for its own sake

extrinsic motivation

a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment

Cannon-Bard theory

thalamus sends simultaneous messages to the cortex and autonomic nervous system so bodily response and experience of emotion happens at the same time

Schachters two-factor theory

bodily arousal must be labeled or interpreted for an emotional experience to occur.

James-Lange theory

the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli

Maslow's fundamental needs

physiological and safety

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