Eighth Grade Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
Ballet
A story told through music and dance
Bridge
A transitional musical passage connecting two themes or sections
Caesura (//)
A complete stop
Con sordino
With mute
Concerto
A multi-movement piece for orchestra that usually features one or more solo instruments
Cut Time (Alla Breve)
2 beats per measure; Half note gets one beat"
E
The Italian word for "and"
Glissando
Sliding between pitches (use any finger)
Harmonic (◦)
The pitch that is produced by lightly touching the string at the halfway point (note sounds an octave above the open string). Harmonics are indicated by (◦) and are played by the 3rd or 4th finger
Introduction
A short section of music at the beginning of a composition
Left-hand pizzicato (+)
Pluck the string with the left hand
LH
Lower half of the bow
Louré (Portato) Bowing
Long hooked notes. There is only a slight separation between notes
March
Rhythmic music for the uniform movement of groups of people
Mixed Meter
Occasionally the meter (time signature) changes in music. Watch for meter changes and count carefully
Musical Form
Musical form refers to how a piece of music is organized.
Opera
A play set to music in which most of the dialogue is sung
Sight-Reading
"Playing a musical piece for the first time. The key to sight-reading success is to know what to look for before you play. Use the word S-T-A-R-S to remind yourself what to look for
(First) S in STARS
Sharps or flats in key signature
T in STARS
Time signature and Tempo markings
A in STARS
Accidentals not found in the key signature
R in STARS
Rhythms, silently counting the more difficult notes and rests
(Last) S in STARS
Signs, including dynamics, articulations, repeats, and endings.
Symphony
A large-scale composition for orchestra usually made of four distinct movements
Theme and Variations
Musical form where a theme, or melody, is followed by different versions of the same theme
UH
Upper half of the bow
Waltz
A popular dance for couples in ¾ time
WB
Whole bow