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Terms in this set (55)
180 degree system
an imaginary line that indicates the direction people and things face when viewed through the camera.
axis of action
do not cross this line. it disorients the viewers if you do.
the dominant style of editing which seeks to tell a story clearly and unobtrusively to achieve logic, smooth flow, temporal and spatial orientation, filmic unity
refers to editing that cuts between two or more actions occurring at the same time and place.
less widely used style of editing.
joins shots a and b to produce an effect or meaning not implied by either shot alone. creates a third meaning beyond the shots presented
editing techniques to maintain continuity
reverse shot. match cuts. parallel editing. POV editing.
relating to sound:
relating to editing: spatial relationships. rhythm of film. temporal relationships.
the most common manipulation of time through editing in an omission of the time that separates one shot from another
looks at something. joins shot A of someone looking at something in one direction, then shot B the person that is the object of that gaze
five conventions of classical hollywood-style continuity editing
primacy of narrative
interruption of chronological plot time with a shot or series of shots that show an event that happened earlier in the story
the interruption of present action by a shot or series of shots that shows images from the plot's future.
refers to editing of two or more actions taking place at the same time but with the difference that it creates the effect of a single scene rather than distinct actions.
the viewers response depends less on the individual shot than on the juxtaposition of shots.
master shot/ establishing shot
defines the spatial relationships in a scene
match on action
shows us the continuation of a character's motion through space without actually showing us the entire action
invisibility is created
completion of actions
jump cut: disorienting ellipsis between shots of the same take
fade in or out
basic building block of film editing
most fundamental tool of film editing
over the shoulder shot
switch between shots of different characters usually framed over each character's shoulder to preserve screen direction
"editing" in french. editing form in which ideas are expressed in a series of quick shots. first used in 20's
also used to condense a series of events
juxtaposition of shots within a scene. mental picture of space in a scene
technique of editing
actual joining of 2 shots. (cutting, splicing)
craft of editing
ability to join shots and produce meaning that does not exist in either one individually
what we come to understand
art of editing
occurs when the combination of shots creates an epiphany or discovery
manipulate the presentation of plot time. may be traditional and chronological or manipulated in a confusing way
values of a shot
the process by which the editor combines and coordinates shots into a cinematic whole.
sound that emanates from the background of the setting. either recording during the production or during post. should not include unintentional noises
Sound that is not matched temporally with the movements occurring in the image, as when dialogue is out of synchronization with lip movements.
automatic dialogue replacement
recording the sound first recorded on the set due to ambient or other noises. dubing.
perceptual characteristics of sound
pitch, loudness, quality, fidelity.
what we perceive in sound
physical characteristics of sound
what constitutes sound.
frequency, amplitude, harmonic content.
In editing a scene, arranging the cut so that a bit of dialogue coming from Shot A is heard under a shot that shows another character or another element in the scene.
in the world of the story
standard technique of recording film sound on a medium separate from the image
Sound represented as coming from a physical source within the story space that we assume characters in the scene also hear.
Sound represented as coming from the mind of a character within the story space. Although we and the character can hear it, we assume that the other characters cannot.
the faithfulness or unfaithfulness of a sound to its source
recorded sounds in synch with the picture, unique and specially-crafted sounds
functions of film sound
Sound primarily helps the filmmaker tell a movie's story by reproducing and intensifying the world that has been partially created by the film's visual elements. Includes music scores, sound FX, background noise, etc.
a literary genre that presents a fictional character's sequence of thoughts in the form of a monologue
process of combining different sound tracks onto one composite sound track synchronous with the picture
adio mise en scene
Diegetic sound that comes from a source in time either earlier or later than the images it accompanies.
Simultaneous sound from a source assumed to be in the space of the scene but outside what is visible onscreen.
A form of diegetic sound that emanates from a source that we both see and hear. it may be internal sound or external sound.
sound design that blends the speech of several characters talking simultaneously, used to create spontaneity, although it may also confuse the audience
1. at the beginning of 1 scene, the sound from the previous scene carries over briefly before the sound from the new scene begins. 2. At the end of one scene, the sound from the next scene is heard, leading into that scene
types of film sound
vocal or musical
sources of film sound
where it comes from
any recording of the sound not made during synchronous shooting of the picture
visual transitions and manipulations of audio is hidden from our perception. screen direction is consistent from shot to shot
primacy of nature
edits are there to move the story forward
cuts are psychologically motivated from the audience's POV
editing gives the illusion of continuous space and time
what happens on screen makes as much narrative sense as possible