Unit 1, EQ 1-4

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

civilization
Complex culture consisting of large towns or cities with some form of government, a production of food surplus and a division of labor.
irrigation
Ditches and canals that move water from the river to the fields
division of labor
People specializing in various types of work
artisans
Skilled workers; craftspeople
cultural diffusion
The spread of ideas and other aspects of culture from one area to another
merchants and traders
people who specialized in the buying and selling of goods from farmers and artisans.
Lunar calendar
A year was divided according to the phases of the moon.
the Bronze Age
The period starting 5,000 years ago (3000 BCE) in which metal consisting of copper and tin was used in the making of tools and other goods.
the Iron Age
The period starting 3,200 years ago (1200 BCE) in which a metal stronger that copper and bronze becomes is used in the making of tools and other goods.
polytheism
belief in many gods and goddesses
dynasty
family of rulers
empire
Form of government that unites different peoples and territories under one ruler
Pharaoh
-means "great house"
-had absolute power
-regarded as a god
city-state
a town or city and the surrounding land controlled by it
papyrus
plant in Nile River used for making paper
hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system made up of a combination of pictures and sound symbols
cuneiform
A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.
Rosetta Stone
Artifact that unlocked the mystery of Egyptian hieroglyphics
pyramids
Tombs for pharaohs
ziggurats
Temples built by Sumerians to honor the gods and goddesses they worshipped
scribes
Elite group of people who learned to read and write so they could work for the government
caravans
Groups of people traveling together for safety over long distances
Fertile Crescent
-The crescent-shaped area of arable (fertile) land in Southwest Asia
-Considered the cradle of civilization
Mesopotamia
The geographic area located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
mummification
Process that preserved dead bodies (made after life possible)
Foundations Era
Time period from prehistory to 600 BCE
Classical Era
Time period from 600 BCE to CE
Post-Classical Era
Time period from 600 CE to 1450 CE
Early Modern Era
Time period from 1450 to 1750 CE
Contemporary Era
Time period from 1900 CE to the present
Historical inquiry
process in which multiple sources and different kinds of historical evidence are analyzed to draw conclusions about how and why things happened in the past.
primary sources
a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study.
secondary sources
documents written after an event has occurred, providing secondhand accounts of that event, person, or topic.
prehistory
The period of time before writing was developed
hominids
humans as well as human-like creatures
anthropologists
study skeletal remains of hominids
archeologists
learn about hominid's culture through the study of artifacts
artifacts
objects used by hominids including toys, tools, clothing, works of art and weapons
culture
Set of beliefs, knowledge, and pattern of living that a group develops.
limited evidence
making educated guesses about the prehistoric times due to limited artifacts
Ice Age
Periods of extremely cold weather lasting anywhere between 20,000 to 140,000 years. Last one ended 10,000 years ago.
migration
movement from one region or habitat to another
domestication
the taming of animals for human use
Mesolithic
Middle Stone Age 10,000-8,000 BCE
Neolithic
New Stone Age . 8,000-2,000 BCE
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age =2.5 million to 10,000 BCE
turning-point
a moment when the course of events is changed
Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
The long process characterized by a shift from food gathering to food producing.
nomad
Moving from place to place with no permanent home
hunter-gatherers
people who move from place to place to hunt and gather food
homosapien
species of hominid that included modern humans (195,000 - present)
history
record of events since people developed writing about 5,000 years ago (3,000 BCE)
Neanderthal
*existed during time of homosapiens
*eventually cease to exist as a species
*First to show belief in afterlife by burying artifacts with their dead
agriculture
the raising of crops for food
civilization
Complex culture consisting of large towns or cities with some form of government, a production of food surplus and a division of labor.
*irrigation
Ditches and canals that move water from the river to the fields
*division of labor
People specializing in various types of work
*artisans
Skilled workers; craftspeople
*cultural diffusion
The spread of ideas and other aspects of culture from one area to another
*merchants and traders
people who specialized in the buying and selling of goods from farmers and artisans.
*Lunar calendar
A year was divided according to the phases of the moon.
*the Bronze Age
The period starting 5,000 years ago (3000 BCE) in which metal consisting of copper and tin was used in the making of tools and other goods.
*the Iron Age
The period starting 3,200 years ago (1200 BCE) in which a metal stronger that copper and bronze becomes is used in the making of tools and other goods.
*polytheism
belief in many gods and goddesses