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13 terms

Cell Organelles

This is an easy flash card review for a biology class.
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Nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Mitochondria
the organelles in which nutrients are converted to energy
Chloroplasts
organelles that capture the energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical energy in a process called photosynthesis
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
membranous organelle that has ribosomes embedded in it and is in charge of shipping out vesicles full of proteins to the Golgi apparatus.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
membranous organelle that is in charge of lipid and steroid synthesis and other things similar
Golgi Apparatus
membranous organelle that modifies proteins shipped in vesicles and ships them out
Ribosomes
very small organelles in charge of protein synthesis; embedded into the rough endoplasmic reticulum
Lysosomes
digestive organelles that contains enzymes that digest food particles
Food Vacuole
organelle formed by phagocytosis; houses food particles
Central Vacuole
organelle found in mature plant cells; enclosed in a specialized membrane called a tonoplast
Cytoskeleton
"skeleton" of a cell; made up of microtubules
Cell Membrane
outside layer of an animal cell; composed of the lipid bilayer, specialized proteins, and carbohydrate chains
Cell Wall
outside layer of a plant cell; thick; made of cellulose