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survey of American history first exam
Terms in this set (17)
European Views of Indians
-rarely but ocassionaly referred to as "noble savages"
-mostly they were barbaric in religion, land, and gender roles
-spanish claimed right to land by papal authority
-duthc, french, english claimed indians uncultivated and did not use the land
-weak men and mistreated women in Indian society
-Indians worshipped false gods
-transatlantic flow of good
-New World got wheat, rice, sugar cane, cattle, pigs
-Old wORLD got corn, tomatoes, tobacco
women get 1/3 of husband's prooperty
1688; the parliament deposed King James II, a Roman Catholic who had asserted royal rights over the rights of Parliament. Parliament gave the crown to the Protestant King William III, a Dutch prince, and his British wife, Queen Mary II (daughter of James II), as joint rulers. When the crown was offered to William and Mary, they agreed to a Bill of Rights that severely limited the king or queen's power. The British Bill of Rights is often regarded as a forerunner to the United States Bill of Rights.
Effect of Glorious rev
-colonies overthrow oppressive rulers to reestablish colonial power
-MA and Plymouth combined into one
-MA church membership no longer required to vote now land ownership was required
-MA forced to abide to 1690 Toleration Act
-Puritan dominance in gov't greatly weakend
Spanish term for "conquerors," applied to Spanish and Portuguese soldiers who conquered lands held by indigenous peoples in central and southern America as well as the current states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California.
Uprising in 1680 in which Pueblo Indians temporarily drove Spanish colonists out of modern-day New Mexico.
A 1662 religious compromise that allowed baptism and partial church membership to colonial New Englanders whose parents were not among the Puritan elect.
The idea that English people were entitled to certain liberties, including trial by jury, habeas corpus, and the right to face one's accuser in court. These rights meant that even the English king was subject to the rule of law.
The chief of the Wampanoags, whom the colonists called King Philip. He resented English efforts to convert Indians to Christianity and waged a war against the English colonists, one in which he was killed.
A 1689 Act of Parliament granted increased religious freedom for Protestants whose beliefs or practices did not conform (hence, nonconformists) to the national Church of England. The act allowed dissenters separate places of worship, as well as their own preachers and teachers.
is an American history term that refers to the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century British Crown policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep American colonies obedient to England.
Father Junipero Serra
Spanish missionary who founded Franciscan missions in California (1713-1784)
This place was a goal to maintain a strong indeendent voice in commercial exchanges. Natives wanted strangers to show them respect. Independent commercial dealings started which weakened their ability to resist white people's ways
Also known as Tories, the term refers to those Americans who remained loyal to Great Britain during the Revolution
First Great Awakening
Religious revival movement during the 1730s and 1740s; its leaders were George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards; religious pluralism was promoted by the idea that all Protestant denominations were legitamate
English did not gain control of Hudson River; turning point in American Revolution
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