57 terms

Psyc 101 Final Exam Review

Structured Interview
a kind of interview in which candidates are asked specific questions that methodically seek to get truly useful information for the interview.
Unstructured interview
a interview without any set format but in which the interviewer may have my key questions formulated in advance. Allow questions based on the interviewee's respons and proceeds like a friendly, non-threatening concersation. Lacks reliability and precision. also called non-directive interview.
Interviewer illusion
Given how quickly they form impressions. interviewers understandably feel confident in their ability to predict long-term job performance from an unstructured, get-acquainted interview.
In-person orientation
has more social factors and gets a list of new acquaintances from their good sense of social culture of their new work place
a drug that is widely used to treat bipolar disorder
Bipolar Disorder
A mood disorder characterized extreme mood swings that include one or more episodes of mania (an overexcited, unrealistically, optimistic state)
A severe psychological disorder that is characterized by highly disorder illness characterized by impairments in the perception or expression of reality which results in significant social or occupational dysfunction.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
1. Delusions 2. Attention Difficulties 3. Hallucination 4. Disturbed Speech 5. Emotional Disturbances 6. Disordered Thinking
Major Depression
(MDD) A mood disorder indicated by a major depressive episode indicated by a major depressive episode and pressed characteristic, such as lethargy and hopeless, lasting at least 2 weeks.
Systematic Desensitization
A method of behavior therapy based on classical conditioning that treats anxiety by getting the person to associate deep relaxation with increasingly intense anxiety producing situations.
Token Economy
A form of operant conditioning that is used in the behavior modification that involves rewarding desirable behaviors with tokens which can be exchanged for items or privileges and punishing undesirable by taking away tokens.
Behavior Modification
Targets observable and measurable behaviors for change. It is based upon the principle that all behavior follows a set of consistent rules, and that methods can be developed for defining, observing, and measuring behaviors, and for designing effective interventions.
Exposure Therapy
A form of behavior therapy in which a survivor confronts feelings or phobias or anxieties about a traumatic event and relives it in the therapy situation desensitization technique, systematic desensitization- a technique used in behavior therapy to treat phobias and other behavior problems involving anxiety; client is exposed to the threatening situation under relaxed conditions until the anxiety reactions is extinguished
Aversion Therapy
A type of behavior therapy designed to modify undesirable or antisocial habits or addictions by creating a strong association with a disagreeable or painful stimulus.
Japanese Principles of Quality Control
Developed ideas about management that focused on quality. Industry must embrace innovation and plan for the future, not remain narrowly focused on economic result, make a long term commitment to new learning. Emphasized innovation and a managerial style that riskm makes decisions based on quality, and fosters strong relationships and suppliers, employers and customers.
Couples Therapy
Group therapy with married or unmarried couples whose major problems lies within their relationship.
Family Therapy
Group therapy with family members
(Overly reliance on a medical model) Created by American Psychiatric Association in 200 via a task force of mental health professionals. The most widely used classification system in the US. For each of its more then 350 diagnostic categories, the manual contains detailed lists of observable behaviors that must be present in order for a diagnosis to be made
Panic Disorder
Axis I Primary diagnosis (DSM-IV-TR)
Dependent Personality Disorder
Axis II Personality disorder or mental retardation (DSM-IV-TR)
Axis III (high blood pressure) relevant physical disorder (DSM-IV-TR)
Severe Stress
Axis IV Intensity of psychosocial and environmental problems (DSM-IV-TR)
Serious Symptoms
Axis V Global assessment of level of functioning (GAF)(DSM-IV-TR)
Learning Theory
A model of psychology that explains human responses through the concept of learning. Includes behaviorism, cognitive theory, cognitive-behavioral theory and constructivism
Strengths-based Management
A management style emphasizing that maximizing an employee's existing strengths is much easier than trying to build such attributes from the ground.
(Human Factors) A field that combines engineering and psychology and that focus on understanding and enhancing the safety and efficiency of the human-machine interaction
Immune system
The body system, made up of many organs and cells, that defends the body against infection, disease and foreign substances. The term describes the interacting combination of all the body's ways of recognizing cells, tissues and organisms are not part of itself, and initiating the immune response to fight them.
The response of individuals to changes in circumstances and events that threaten their coping abilities
Freud's therapeutic technique for analyzing an individual's unconscious thoughts. Freud believed that clients' current problems could be traced to childhood experiences, many of which involved conflicts about sexuality.
Sigmund Freud
Austrian neurologist who originate psychoanalysis
The psychoanalytic term for the client's relating to the analyst in ways that reproduce or relive important relationships in the client's life.
(Putting off bent up frustration) the release of anger or aggressive energy by directly or vicariously engaging in anger or aggression; the hypothesis states that behaving angrily or watching others behave angrily reduces subsequent.
A technique use to discover a mathematical relationship between two variables using a set of individual data points
The Freudian structure of personality that consists of unconscious drives and is the individual's reservoir of psychic energy
The Freudian structure of personality that deals with the demands of reality.
The Freudian structure of personality that harshly judges the morality of morality of our behavior
Free Association
The psychoanalytic technique of having individuals say aloud whatever comes to mind
Dream Analysis
The psychotherapeutic technique used to interpret a person's dream. Psychoanalysts believe that dreams contain information about the individual's unconscious thoughts and conflicts
Stages of changes model
Five-step model that describes the process by which individuals give up bad habits and adopt healthier lifestyles
Computers based orientation
Factors/Less social interaction.
Industrial psychology
The branch of applied psychology that is concerned with efficient management of an industrial labor force and especially with problems encountered by workers in a mechanized environment. In selection of personnel or development of training programs
Organizational psychology
consist of intervening with organizations to achieve one or more of the following objectives: raise performance, improve processes an relationships, enhance fairness and equity, and increase subjective well being.
A key goal of training by which trainees practice after they have achieved a level of acceptable skill at some task so that the skill has become automatic.
Human Relations Approach
Emphasizes the psychological characteristics of workers and managers, stressing the importance of such factors as morale, attitudes, values, and humane treatment of workers.
Henry Ford
Invention of the Assembly line(best example of advertisement scientific management
Work and Vacation time in US
Europeans vacation 3x as much as Americans. Us workers work more than any other country.
alarm, resistance, exhaustion
Selye and stages to combat stress
(antidepressant) a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant generally prescribed for the treatment of depression. The generic name is Paroxetine
(antidepressant) a medication used in treating depression, anxiety, and other mental health disorders
Humanistic theory
A college of psychology that emerged in the 1950's in reaction to both behaviorism and psychoanalysis. it is explicitly concerned with the human demension of psychology and the human context for the development of psychological theory
Time and motion studies
A time and motion study is a business efficiency technique combining the time study work of frederick winslow taylor with the motion study work of frank and lillian gilbreth
Aerobic Activity
Sustained exercise, such as jogging, swimming, or cycling, that stimulates heart and lung functioning
Beck's cognitive therapy
(overlearned automatic thought pattern) therapies emphasizing that individuals' cognitions, or thoughts, are the main source of abnormal behavior and psychological problems
the belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcome.
Hawthorne Studies
The focus of the humanistic perspective is on the self, which translates into "YOU" and your preception of your experiences. This view argues that you are free to choose your own behavior, rather than reacting to environmental stimuli and reinforces.
Reflective listening
It is the exceptionally annoying practice of repeating back to the speaker what they just told you, in as close to their own words as possible. Further, it seeks elaboration and clarification of the thought, without expressing any judgment. The idea is to make sure that both the speaker and the listener have an understanding of what is being said.
Client-centered therapy
Roger's humanistic therapy in which the therapist provides a warm, supportive atmosphere to improve the client's self-concept and encourage the client to gain insight about problems.