Cinematography Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

Frame
An individual picture, or exposure, on a strip of film
Shot
The basic unit of film
Scene
A group of interrelated shots taking place in the same location
Sequence
A group of interrelated scenes that form a natural unit in the story
Long Shot
A shot that shows the main visual subject of the shot in its entire surroundings
Extreme Long Shot
A view from an even greater distance, in which people appear as small dots in the landscape if at all
Medium Shot
A shot showing the main subject in its immediate surroundings
Close Up
A shot showing just the main subject
Extreme Close Up
A shot is so tight that only a detail of the subject is shown
Extreme High Angle
A shot where the camera is directly above the subject looking straight down at it
High Angle
A shot where the camera is higher than the subject and looks down at the subject
Flat Angle
A shot where the camera is at the same level as the subject
Low Angle
A shot where the camera is lower than the subject and looks up at the subject
Extreme Low Angle
A shot where the camera is directly below the subject looking straight up at it
Pan
A shot when the camera remains in place but swivels from side to side
Track
Also captures horizontal movement, but does so by actually moving the camera from left to right
Zoom
A shot when the camera remains in place but the lens of the camera is manipulated to create the appearance of moving closer or farther away from the subject
Dolly
The camera itself moves toward or away from the subject
Tilt
Camera remains in place but pivots up or down
Boom
The camera, usually mounted on a crane or hydraulic arm, moves up or down
Subjective
The camera shows what the character sees
Composition
Refers to the inclusion and arrangement of objects in the shot