24 terms

Global- Renaissance & Reformation

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What was the Renaissance?
"Rebirth" of art and learning that took place from 1300 to 1600
Where did the Renaissance start?
Italy
Why did the Renaissance happen?
During the late middle ages, war and plague occurred causing people who survived to celebrate life.
What did these men and women want to revive?
The culture of classical Greece and Rome.
What was Italy's 3 advantages that made it the birthplace of the Renaissance?
1. wealthy merchant class
2. thriving cities
3. classical heritage of Greece and Rome.
Who started to pursue art first? Why?
Merchants. Because there were only a few opportunities to expand business after the bubonic plague struck.
Who was intensely involved in politics?
Merchants.
What was an important belief of the Renaissance?
Individual achievement.
Which family ruled Florence?
The Medici Family.
Who was Cosimo de Medici?
The wealthiest European of Europe. He influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. He was dictator of Florence. He died in 1464.
What did scholars do get inspiration?
1. studied latin manuscripts
2. the ruins of Rome
What is humanism?
an intellectual movement that focused on human potential/ achievements.
What is secularism?
worldly rather than spiritual. Focused more on here and now.
What are patrons?
People that financially supported artists. Ex) church leaders.
What is a Renaissance Man?
A man who excelled in many fields, a "universal" man.
What was a Renaissance Woman?
Wealthy women rarely created art but they often patrons of the art.
How did artistic styles change?
Artists used a realistic style, Greek and Roman subjects became more popular, PERSPECTIVE (shows 3-d on a flat surface)
What were the causes for the Reformation?
1. Renaissance values caused people to question the church.
2. Challenged the pope because people viewed him as foreign.
3. The church's wealth.
4. Church leaders were corrupt and greedy
5. Indulgence (buying your sins.)
6. Church officials weren't educated, married, and gambled.
What were the 95 Theses?
Formal statements, attacking the pardon-merchants. They were posted on the door of the castle church in Wittenberg.
What invention helped Luther spread word?
The printer.
What did Pope Leo X do in 1520?
He threatened Luther with excommunication unless he took back his statements.
Who else opposed Luthers teachings and what did they do?
Holy Roman emperor Charles V who summoned Luther to the town of Worms to stand trial. Afterwards he declared Charles to be outlawed and a heretic.
Who were the Lutherans?
Luthers followers became a separate religious group.
What is Protestant?
Catholics that belong to non catholic churches.