Sports Medicine- Basic Terminology
Terms in this set (35)
are caused by an external force applied to the body, such as a collision with a person or object
are caused by an intrinsic force-that is a force within the body
Soft tissue Injury
are injuries to all tissue other than bones and teeth
Hard tissue Injury
cause damage to bones and teeth
a break in a bone
caused by prolonged use of specific body regions over long periods of time
are small incomplete bone fractures caused by repeated pounding, usually on hard surfaces
arise from the stretching or tearing of a ligament
occur when a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn
is caused by a sudden blow to the body; a bruise
is a wound where the flesh has incurred an irregular tear.
caused by a collection of fluid below or within the epidermal layer of the skin giving rise to intense pain.
Simple (closed) Fracture
the bone breaks but remains underneath the skin
Compound (open) Fracture
the bone breaks and protrudes through the skin.
restricts movement in the injured area by using splints and bandages
is the displacement of a bone at a joint
bone momentarily pops out and returns to its place
pain, redness, swelling around the injured site, lack of function and mobility
Discoloration of the Skin such as turning blue or purple
Scrape of the skin such as turf burn
An injury in which soft tissue is torn completely loose or is hanging as a flap.
an injury that happens suddenly
an injury that develops over a period of time
Period 72 hours after an acute injury
Cold treatment such as Ice Bag, Game Ready, Ice Bath
Heat treatment such as hot pack
electric treatments such as TENS unit, or
The ability to put full weight on one's limb
Protection, Rice, Ice Compression, Elevation
a crunchy or grating sound usually of bones
Looking for visible signs like:
Asking questions like:
Where does it hurt?
What did you feel?
to examine by touch
Evaluation tools that are specific to each injured body part.to help diagnosis a specific injury
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