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International Relations Final
Nabulsi, Political Science 7, Pierce College
Terms in this set (41)
___________________ is the name of the realist theory that argues that a dominant power is necessary to support a highly integrated global economy.
hegemonic stability theory
_____ was responsible for organizing the first truly global economy.
A hegemon can minimize the impact of free-riders by offering them _____, like security assistance or economic aid.
The _____ system created a flexible but stable exchange rate system and a process of multilateral (rather than unilateral) free trade.
The _____ revolution led to the development of factories, the growth of cities, and the use of mechanical power.
In the later stages of the industrial revolution in the United States, (after 1950) the percentage of people working in the manufacturing sector began a substantial decline, as more people found jobs in the _________ sector of the economy.
Whereas trade in a mercantilist system emphasizes self-sufficiency, trade in a _____ system emphasizes efficiency and specialization.
_____ refers to the idea that interdependence in one sector (like trade) will lead to interdependence in another sector (like finance).
A _______exchange rate system is one where a government is committed to buying and selling their own currency for a set price in terms of gold or a specific foreign currency.
Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand are NIEs, or _____.
Newly Industrialized Economies
_____ measures a state's production of goods and services at home.
Non-competitive lending and investment relationships between government financial institutions and private industry are called _____.
The debate over _____ concerned whether or not Confucianism motivated domestic stability, bureaucracy, and economic success.
The policy of _____, initially created to decrease Latin America's dependence on foreign goods, ultimately made Latin America more vulnerable to international markets.
The term "_____" is used to describe the economic stagnation in Latin America that lasted from the early 1970s to the late 1980s.
_____ is a policy in which states extract savings from one sector to benefit another sector.
In the ___ sector, businesses operate outside the legal system, usually due to extensive regulations.
The _____ system in Mexico is a form of land reform that redistributed some land to peasants.
_____ refers to the post-colonial domination of the developing world by multi-national corporations.
Many small states in Sub-Saharan Africa are _____, meaning they have no access to the coast.
Since the mid-1990s, the best-performing Sub-Saharan African states were states that produced _____.
Protectionist policies affecting the _____ sector in developed states tend to impede developing states' access to world markets.
Liberalizing the agricultural trade is a major part of the agenda of the _____ Round of trade negotiations.
The emigration of educated people from developing states is colloquially called "_____."
The idea that the Middle East is a "strategic piece of real estate" that has been the object of conflict for centuries is an example of the relationship between geography and politics, or _____.
When bureaucrats abuse their position to gain personal benefits, appoint family members to important positions, or channel benefits to their own clan or tribe, they are adding to the overall problem of _____.
The critical theory perspective argues that mainstream analysts' understanding of economic development is based upon the idea that the history of _____ society provides the only pattern for development.
Approximately ten million _____ were transported from Africa to the Americas, in addition to millions that did not survive the journey.
_____ theory argues that an imperial metropole reorganizes its colonial satellites to serve its own social and political purposes.
Modern _____ are the equivalent of the mercantile companies and plantations that were founded during the colonial period.
_____ is the practice of paying off loans with direct labor instead of currency or goods.
_____ refers to unequal access to the digital devices of the information age.
If over time, it takes larger quantities of exports of raw goods like coffee beans to earn enough money to buy a constant amount of imported manufactured goods, like a refrigerator, we would say the country has experience declining ____________.
terms of trade
Madeleine Albright helped establish the _____ in 2000, an organization which holds biannual minister-level meetings to promote the core values of democracy.
Community of Democracies
The theory that democracies never (or rarely) go to war with each other is called _____.
The democratic peace
A pair of interacting states is commonly called a _____ in statistical studies.
The number of cases used for testing statistical correlations is called a _____.
The argument that trade among democracies keeps democracies from going to war with each other relies on the idea that trade produces _____ gains that benefit all states involved.
When an outcome is caused by multiple independent variables whose separate and interaction effects are not clear, that outcome is referred to as _____.
To argue that democracies are more likely to be able to resolve their conflicts through the use of law and negotiated agreements and thereby avoid war is an argument from the _______ perspective.
The _____ school of methodology would most likely argue that peace is appropriate in a world populated by interacting democracies, rather than arguing that peace is caused by democracy.
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