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Musical Nationalism

national anthems, native dances, protest songs, & victory symphonies

Russian Five

wrote Russian music, free of western influence. Alexander Borodin, Ceasar Cui, Mily Balakirev, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, & Modest Musorgsky.

Pentatonic Scale

5 notes (instead of western 7) Bb, C, D, F, G.


dots above the notes, instructs players to hold note for as short as possible

Dates of Impessionism


Important Impressionistic Painters

from paris; claude Monet, auguste renoir, edgar degas, camile pissarro, & american mary cassatt.

Characteristics of Impressionistic Music

elusive & suggestive


any sounds drawn from outside the traditional western european musical experience.


poets whose aesthetic aims were in harmony with those of the impressionist painters.


music w/o tonality, w/o a key center.

Octave Displacement

avoiding a simple interval for a more distant one an octave above of below.

Stephane Mallarme

spiritual leader of the sybolists.

Tone Cluster

the simultaneous sounding of a number of pitches only a whole step or half step apart.


a vocal technique that requires the vocalist to declaim the text more than to sing it

Second Viennese School

arnold schoenberg, alban berg, anton webern. 3 composers.

Sergei Diaghilev

legendary impresario (producer) of russian opera & ballet.

Ballets Russes

russian ballets. a dance company. seergei diaghilev.


the simultaneous sounding of one triad or seventh chord with another.


2+ meters sounding simultaneously.


& movers.


style which revived balanced melodies, lighter textures, & clear forms of earlier music. specifically baroque & classical

Electronic Music

new synthesizer, a machine that creates sounds by means of electronic circuitry.

Musique Concrete

the composer works with sounds found naturally in the environment.

Chance Music

musical roulette. totally weird.


silence. John Cage.


a style of postmodern music, originating in the early 1960's, that takes a very small musical unit & repeats it over & over to form a composition.

Charles Ives

modernist, classical music, first american classical composer of any international significance, music ignored. three places in New England, putnam's camp, redding, connecticut.

Aaron Copeland

wrote Appalachian Spring [sections 1,2,7] *(Shaker hymn/folk tune), originally written as a ballet from Martha Graham.

Igor Stravinsky

composer who was born in Russia but lived in the United States after 1939 (1882-1971). ballet: the rite of spring:intro & augers of spring: dances of the adolescents.

Claude Debussy

a French composer, used symbolism in music. his works were considered to be of the Impressionist styles. He was considered the most influential French composer at the turn of the century. prelude to the afternoon of a faun.

Ellen Taaffe Zwilich

poeme electronique.

John Adams

short ride in a fast machine. terrible.

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