Hobbit History Chpt 40
Terms in this set (33)
First elected president in 1980 and elected again in 1984. He ran on a campaign based on the common man and "populist" ideas. He served as governor of California from 1966-1974, and he participated in the McCarthy Communist scare. Iran released hostages on his Inauguration Day in 1980. While president, he developed Reagannomics, the trickle down effect of government incentives. He cut out many welfare and public works programs. He used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict. His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War. He was also responsible for the Iran-contra Affair which bought hostages with guns.
political organization of the United States which had an agenda of evangelical Christian-oriented political lobbying. Formed by Jerry Falwell. Organization made up of conservative Christian political action committees which campaigned on issues its personnel believed were important to maintaining its Christian conception of moral law. This group pressured for legislation that would ban abortion and ban the states' acceptance of homosexuality.
The New Right
Politically active religious conservatives who became particularly vocal in the 1980's. The New Right criticized feminism, opposed abortion and homosexuality, and promoted "Family values" and military preparedness.
Election of 1980
decisive victory to Reagan due to his appeal over Carter (now unpopular due to lack of success in the presidency
The Reagan Revolution
• Reagan called for New Federalism- shrinking the power of the fed government
• Proposed massive cuts in fed domestic programs and drastic income tax cuts
• Reagan persuaded Congress to consolidate many categorical grants into far fewer, less restrictive block grants- broad grants to states for specific activities such as secondary or health services with few strings attached
Iranian hostages freed
On the day reagan became president. we sold weapons to Iran because they were fighting Iraq to free the people. We got paid and then sent money to the Contras.
British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 who pledged to limit social welfare, restrict the power of labor unions, and to control inflation through a program which came to be known as "Thatcherism"
Reagan's theory that if you cut taxes, it will spur the growth of public spending and improve the economy. It included tax breaks for the rich, "supply-side economics," and "trickle down" theory.
Also known as the "tax revolt", it was a Californian ballot measure in 1978 that slashed property taxes and forced deep cuts in government services.
An economic philosophy that holds the sharply cutting taxes will increase the incentive people have to work, save, and invest. Greater investments will lead to more jobs, a more productive economy, and more tax revenues for the government.
Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)
A costly plan to put lasers in space to defend the United States against a nuclear attack.
Lebanon 1983: two truck bombs struck separate buildings housing United States and French military forces killing 299 americans and frenchmen - suicide bombers - led to the withdrawal of the international peacekeeping force from Lebanon - Reagan administration was & is severely criticized for its foreign policy
country where rebels known as Sandinistas had overthrown the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza (in power since 1930)
Regan cut aid as soon as Sandiniastas were in office
Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990
rebels seeking to overthrow Nicaragua's Sandinista government in the 1980s; financed by the United States
Reagan wins over democratic nominee Mondale; Mondale 1st to ever choose a woman VP nominee
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
last Communist leader of the USSR; started giving the people more economic and political freedom
Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to revitalize the Soviet economy by opening it up to more free enterprise
Reagan and Gorbachev signed this treaty, which provided for the dismantling of all intermediate range nuclear weapons in Russia and all of Europe
This involved high officials in the Reagan administration secretly selling arms to Iran (in return for the release of Western hostages in the Middle East) and illegally using the proceeds to finance the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
Stock Market Crash 1987
severe crash on the stock market during the Reagan years; possibly caused by electronic (computer) trading
The Religious Right
Traditionaly family values:anti-abortion, anti-gay rightts. Education: prayer & religious values in school. U.S. is a Christian nation, role abroad.
Leader of the Religious Right Fundamentalist Christians, a group that supported Reagan; rallying cry was "family values", anti-abortion, favored prayer in schools
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman supreme court justice. appointed by Reagan
George H W Bush
Republican (1989-1993) Beat Dukakis is 1988. President During Operation Desert Storm. "Read my lips, no new taxes." Went against his no-taxes promise. Economy hurt him while running for reelection in 1992.
Fall of Berlin Wall
This event in 1989 marked the symbolic end of the Cold War and was the begining of the collapse of communism in eastern Europe.
Chinese pro-democracy movement
Chinese students protested in Tianenmen Sqaure; ended in a government-employed massacre
Break up of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia was a country created after World War I and it contained several different ethnic and religious groups. The Soviet Union made it a satellite nation after World War II, making the groups get along. When the USSR collapsed in 1989, the rival groups began to fight as the country broke up into several countries (Serbia, Croatia, etc.).
Persian Gulf War
a 1991 war in which the United States and its UN allies drove invading Iraqi forces out of neighboring Kuwait
President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003. Waged war on Iran in 1980-1988. In 1990 he ordered an invasion of Kuwait but was defeated by United States and its allies in the Gulf War (1991). Defeated by US led invasion in 2003.
Bush's Domestic Policies
Bush at one point was like Reagan didn't want to raise taxes; worked out deal where they did raise taxes to gain revenue; not as fiscally or socially conservative as Reagan or his son; passed the ADA (American Disabilities Act), mandated more accommodations for the handicapped;
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