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Health Study Guide pt.3
Terms in this set (43)
A stimulant drug found in tobacco products-including cigarettes, clove cigarettes, chewing tobacco, cigars, pipe tobacco, and snuff is called
Nicotine stimulates the nervous system and is highly
________________ ________________ causes more premature death and disease than all other forms of drug dependence combined
____________________ _______________ _______________________ is the body's reaction to quitting the use of tobacco products
Nicotine Withdrawal Syndrome
According to the Surgeon General, the probability of becoming addicted to nicotine after one exposure is higher than for other addictive substances, such as ____________ ___________ _________________
heroin, cocaine, alcohol
An herbal plant that is grown for its leaves and that contains nicotine is __________________
_______________________ _________________ is tobacco that is chewed or snorted.
_____________ _____________ and _______________ are forms of smokeless tobacco
Chewing tobacco and snuff
Scientists estimate there are more than ___________ chemicals in tobacco smoke.
At least ____ of these chemicals are carcinogens.
A ________________ is a chemical that is known to cause cancer.
_________ is a sticky, thick fluid that is formed when tobacco is burned.
Tar irritates respiratory tissues and is a major cause of ___________ ___________.
_________________ _______________ is an odorless, tasteless, gas that is produced when tobacco burns
____________ ____________ kills more people than any other cancer.
Smoking also is a major risk factor for cancers of the _____________ ____________ ___________ _________ and ____________
throat, mouth, esophagus, pancreas, and bladder
The American Cancer Society reports that _______ of all cancer deaths are due to tobacco use, and nine out of every ten lung cancer cases are caused by ______________ ____________
1/3 smoking cigarettes
Smoking is a risk factor for ____________ ____________ ___________ _____________ a disease that interferes with breathing
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Two examples of COPD are ________________ ______________ and __________________.
Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema
_________________ ____________________ is a recurring inflammation of the bronchial tubes that causes excess mucus to line the bronchial tubes.
A condition in which the alveoli lose most of their ability to function is _________________
Smoking is a major cause of death from _________ and blood vessel diseases and ___________
A clot in an artery in the hear can cause a ______________ ____________
A clot in an artery in the brain can cause a ________________
An _______________ _______________ is a bulging in the aorta, the main artery in the body.
The nicotine in tobacco raises a person's resting heart rate approximately _____ beats per minute
The smoke from other people's cigarettes is responsible for _____________ lung cancer deaths and ____________ deaths from heart disease per year in the United States
The smoke from other people's cigarettes is responsible for causing between ________________ and ____________ lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children under 18 months of age.
150000 and 300000
Smoke that enters the air from a burning cigarette, cigar, or pipe is _____________ _________________
side stream smoke
__________________ ______________ is smoke that is directly inhaled into the smokers's mouth and lungs
Which type of secondhand smoke contains more tar, nicotine, carbon monoxide, ammonia, and benzene?
Side stream smoke
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified secondhand smoke as a group _________________ ___ ________________, which is a substance that causes cancer in humans
Group A Carcinogen
________________ ________________ is a tobacco product made from chopped tobacco leaves that is placed between the gums and cheek
__________ is a tobacco product made from powdered tobacco leaves and stems that is snorted or placed between the gums and cheek
Smokeless tobacco causes _____________ __________________.
All forms of smokeless tobacco contain _________________
Abnormal cells in the mouth that appear as white patches of tissue are _________________ which can lead to cancer of the mouth.
Using smokeless tobacco also increases the risk of cancer of the ____________, the __________ ,and the ___________
larynx, pharynx, esophagus
Smokeless tobacco also can cause the _______ to pull away from the teeth exposing the roots and making them more likely to fall out.
Tobacco manufacturers are not allowed by law to put tobacco ads on _______ or ___________
TV and Radio
Tobacco companies may promote their products by sponsoring __________ ____________ and _______________ _____________
sporting events and rock concerts
Smoking costs the nation over __________ ___________ per year in health- related economic costs
List thirteen things one can do to help them quit using tobacco
List the reasons why you want to quit
Decide when you want to quit
Make a health behavior contract
Consider situations in which you usually have a cig or use st
Join a tobacco cessation program
Get help from others
Throw away all tobacco products
Be prepared for temptation
Participate in activities that keep you off the mind of using
Get help from a health care professional
Avoid weight gain
Keep guard up
If you slip up and use tobacco, keep trying to quit
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