United Kingdom terms
Terms in this set (35)
the state of reducing spending and increasing frugality in the financial sector of a government
a member of parliament or legislator who holds no governmental office, a member of the "rank and file"
the idea that even when an individual opposes a given policy, the entire cabinet must appear unified and take responsibility for a policy
members of the house of lords who have their seats because of their ancestors
distinguished citizens appointed for life by the crown upon the recommendation of the PM
control of economic factors is shifted from the public sector to the private sector
The idea that it is the lord's responsibility to help the peasants/poor workers
quasi-autonomous nongovernmental organizations
a vote by the people on a single political question
a legislative district in which voters are very likely support one political party or the other
the official opposition party's cabinet, members mark each individual post of the cabinet
vote of no confidence
the Parliament can give this decree and the PM must step down. the PM asks for this, and it has only been done twice.
labour party prime minister in UK, created the third way program (his successor was Gordon Brown), sought to soften the hard edges of Thatcher's neoliberalism
Conservative PM since 2010
the postwar period of time where conservatives and labour party alike supported a welfare state to get the UK back on track
a system based on local customs and precedent rather than formal legal codes
Good Friday Agreement
Signed in 1998, brought peace between the Catholic and protestants of northern Ireland, devolved some power into their local government
when no party is able to get a majority in parliament
Scottish Nationalist Party (SNP)
this party tries periodically to hold referendums to free scotland, never quite works
similar to the liberal party in America, advocates for welfare (more government spending, more integration of power, * the third way party, not liberal, not conservative, just somewhere in between
Similar to the conservative party in America, advocates for less government spending, more devolution of power, more of a free-market economy (aka tories)
the political compromise between the right and the left that continued from the leadership of Blair to Cameron, a way to soften the edges of Thatcher's programs, more liberal policies but retaining the conservative foundation
the first woman prime minister, conservative, was the first british leader to experiment with neoliberalism, cut back on a lot of welfare programs to attempt to reverse economic decline
Head of government in the UK, main roles are to set the agenda for parliament, can affirm bills, can influence laws
United Kingdom Independence Party
very euroskeptic party, believes immigration from within and without the EU is a threat to jobs and national identity.
the process of transferring powers and resources away from central state institutions and vesting them at a lower level
Liberal Democratic Party
supports greater european integration and adoption of the euro, social services. (lib-dems)
The 2016 referendum through which the UK has voted to leave the EU
Chancellor of the Exchequer
responsible for all economic and financial matters, a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury
House of Commons
the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Members are elected to represent constituencies by first-past-the-post and hold their seats until Parliament is dissolved
House of Lords
the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom where all members are appointed. acts as a check on the House of Commons that is independent from the electoral process.
Speaker of the House
presides over the House's debates, determining which members may speak, also responsible for maintaining order during debate, and may punish members who break the rules of the House.
a principle of the UK "constitution". makes Parliament the supreme legal authority in the UK, which can create or end any law.
The current PM of the UK and leader of the Conservative Party
Current leader of the Labour Party and the leader of the opposition since 2015