Terms in this set (31)
How does Olson answer the question: What is [the book of] Numbers?
The story of the people of Israel in the wilderness as they travel from Egypt and the wilderness mountain of Sinai toward the promised land of Canaan
In Olson's view, what is the most transition in the book of Numbers?
The death of the old and rebellious generation of Israelites and the birth of a new generation of Israelites in the wilderness
From what event in Israel's history does Olson propose the book of Numbers rose?
in light of israel's experienc of exile in Babylon and shortly after its return to the homeland of Judah
In Olson's view, what forms the primary theme and structure of the book of Numbers?
The transition from the old generation of wilderness to the new generation of hope and promise on the edge of the promised land
What does Olson tell his reader the "key narrative" in the book of Numbers is?
the struggles, conflicts, and rebellions of the Israel in the wilderness provided a mirror for Israel's struggles in exile and in its return to rebuild the Jewish community in Judah
Apart from the key theme, Olson tells his reader that the two halves of the book of
Numbers is dominated by what themes each?
The first half of the numbers was dominated by themes of rebellion and death.
the second half resonates with new life, hope, obedience, and the resolution of potential conflict through negotiation and dialogue
In the text of Numbers, where do we find what Olson calls, "the actual beginning of the march of the holy camp of Israel" from the wilderness of Sinai?
Numbers 10:12; in the second year , in the second month, on the 12th day of the month; 19 days after the census was taken in
The book of Numbers refers to Moses father-in-law by what name?
Numbers 11:4 reads, "The rabble among them had a strong craving. . ." In Olson's view, who made up the "rabble?"
a disorderly mob of non-Israelites who traveled with israel out of egypt
Why does Moses gather "seventy of the elders of Israel?"
he is unable to carry all the people alone bc they are too heavy for him so god says to gather them to take their place there with him
Identify Eldad and Medad.
men who remained in the camp, the spirit rested on them, they were among those registered, but they had not gone out to the tent so they propheised in the camp
What food does the LORD provide the Israelites at the end of Numbers 11? In what book of the Torah does a similar story occur?
In Numbers 12, how does the book of Numbers character Moses' personality?
very humble , more so than anyone else on the face of the earth
In Numbers 12, Moses marries a Cushite woman. How do Aaron and Miriam react? What does the LORD do because of how Aaron and Miriam reacted? How does Moses respond to what the LORD does to Miriam?
they spoke against moses and said "has the lord only spoken thru moses? has he not spoken thru us also?"; the anger of the lord was kindled against them , Miriam became leprous; moses begged god to heal her
Numbers 12 ends with the Israelites stopping to camp in the wilderness of Paran. On map 3 at the back of The Access Bible, locate the wilderness of Paran.
In Numbers 13, why does Moses send men into Canaan? Among these men, who represents the tribe of Judah? Who represents the tribe of Ephraim? What was his original name and to what does Moses change it?
the lord said to send men to spy on the land of canaan bc god is giving it to the israelites ; caleb son of jephunneh; hoshea son of nun; Hoshea- Joshua
When the men return from the land of Canaan to the Israelites' camp, what do they say?
How do Joshua and Caleb respond to the report of the men?
the land flows with milk and honey but the people are strong and the towns are fortified and large; caleb said to go up at once and occupy it; joshua and caleb tore their clothes and said the land was good land if the lord is pleased with them he will bring them into the land and give it to them
What do the Israelites do because of the men's report and how does the LORD respond?
threatened to stone them ; threatens to annihilate all of israel and start over to start a new nation with moses alone
In Numbers 14 what distinction falls on Joshua and Caleb and why?
they will be the only ones of that generation to enter the land of canaan
In Numbers 16, what does the text tell the reader that Kohath son of Levi, Korah son of Izhar, along with Dathan and Abiram sons of Eliab, and On son of Peleth—along with 250 Israelite men—do?
they confronted moses and said he has gone too far ; the rebellions of the levites; leaders; and all the people
What was the consequence of their action?
the ground under them was split apart, the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up along with their households
How does Olson describe Israelite belief in Sheol?
a dry and dusty place under the surface of the earth where all humans who die were believed to go; sometimes personified as a monster who opens his mouth to swallow people
In Numbers 20, what are the circumstances that lead to the sad fate of Moses and Aaron as it relates to the land of Canaan?
they did not trust in god to show his holiness before the eyes of the israelites so they shall not bring the assembly into the land
In Numbers 21 what is the punishment that the LORD imposes on the Israelites when they complain? How does the LORD alleviate the problem?
the lord sent poisonous serpents among the people, and they bite the people so they died. moses made a serpent of bronze and put it upon a pole and whenever a serpent bit someone that person would look upon the bronze serpent and live
Identify Og and Sihon.
King Og of Bashan came out against them at the battle of
Edrei; King Sihon of the Amorites who ruled in Heshbon ; all killed by israelites.
Who were Balak and Balaam? Why does Balak send for Balaam?
Balak son of Zippor king of the moab sent the messengers to the Balaam son of Beor at Pethor to bless him so he would be able to defeat the israelites
What does Olson tell the reader about the plaster panels that were found in a non-Israelite
temple in Deir 'Allah in modern-day Jordan? What are the "shaddai" gods?
they include the name of a famed prophet named Balaam, the inscription dated to the 8th century BCE recounts Balaam's vision from the gods at night; used at a title for israel's god in the biblical oracles of balaam
How does Balaam finally end up displeasing Balak? What does he do that angers Balak?
balak summoned balaam to curse the israelites , but he instead blessed them 3 times
In Numbers 31, against whom do the Israelites go to war? What is the outcome?
midian ; they killed every male , the kings of midian Evi Rekem Zur Hur and Reba , and the 5 kings of midian in addition to others that were slain by them and killed balaam son of beor with the sword
In Numbers 32, what is the request that the tribes of Reuben (Reubenites) and Gad (Gadites) make of Moses?
the land that the lord subdued before the congregation of israel be given to them for a possession
What regulation concerning inheritance does the LORD give to Moses as a result of the request of the daughters of Zelophedad? See Numbers 27.
if a man died and has no son then you shall pass his inheritance on to his daughter