57 terms

Final Exam

STUDY
PLAY
esophagus
the muscular tube between the pharynx and the stomach
stomach
a muscular pouch located in the abdomen, the chemical digestion of proteins begins
cardiac sphincter
located at the base of the esophagus and functions to prevent food materials from entering the esophagus from the stomach
pyloric sphincter
the sphincter muscle of the pylorus that separates the stomach from the duodenum
small intestine
The section of the intestine that is between the stomach and large intestine; site of most absorption of nutrients
colon
primarily involved in water absorption and feces formation; the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum
rectum
the terminal portion of the large intestine where the feces are stored until they are eliminated
anus
A muscular opening at the end of the rectum through which waste material is eliminated from the body
heart
multi-chambered, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body
spleen
Organ near the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells
renal artery
Carries blood from aorta to kidney
renal vein
blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and toward the heart
kidney
organ responsible for cleansing and purifying the blood
ovary
one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones
oviduct
a tube connecting the ovaries and the uterus
teste
Located on outside of male body which produces sperm and testosterone.
seminal cord
Tube between teste and penis that transports sperm
dorsal cord
(Spinal Cord) - protective bony covering of nervous system
sympathetic chain of ganglia
Parallel to dorsal cord - nerves that innervate muscles for movement
brain
that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers, in the skull
ciliary muscle
the tissue and muscle that surrounds the lens of the eye.
choroid
vascular layer beneath the sclera that provides nourishment to outer portion of the retina
scerla
tough, fibrous, white outer coat extending from the cornea to the optic nerve
fovea
the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster
optic disk
the point where the optic nerve enters the retina
vitreous chamber
Behind the lens, filled with vitreous humor, gelatinous.
posterior chamber
Space between iris and lens which is filled with aqueous humor
anterior chamber
humor-filled space between the cornea and iris
pancreas
gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum, where it mixes with bile to digest food
gall bladder
stores bile produced by the liver until it is needed in the duodenum
liver
Large organ just above the stomach that produces bile
bile duct
Moves bile from the gall bladder to the stomach
aorta
The largest artery in the body; it conducts freshly oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues.
vena cava
either of two large veins that return oxygen-depleted blood to the right atrium of the heart
atria
the two upper chambers of the heart- the receiving areas that pool incoming blood.
ventricle
lower chamber of the heart that pumps blood out of the heart
pulmonary artery
one of two arteries (branches of the pulmonary trunk) that carry venous blood from the heart to the lungs
pulmonary vein
any of four veins that carry arterial blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
trachea
membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi
lungs
two spungy organs in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage; responsible for respiration
diaphragm
Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing
larynx
voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords; at top of trachea
pharynx
throat; passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larynx
bladder
elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body
ureter
either of a pair of thick-walled tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra
duct through which urine is discharged in most mammals and which serves as the male genital duct
scrotum
the external pouch(sac of skin) that contains the testicles,just under the penis. regulates temp
penis
the organ through which both semen and urine leave the male body, lower body
thyroid gland
produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth
thymus
a ductless glandular organ at the base of the neck that produces lymphocytes and aids in producing immunity
vagina
in the human female reproductive system, a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body
ciliary muscle
the tissue and muscle that surrounds the lens of the eye., smooth muscle portion of the ciliary body, which contracts to assist in near-vision capability
retina
the light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the receptor rods and cones plus layers of neurons that begin the processing of visual information
lens
transparent structure behind the pupil that bends and focuses light rays on the retina
iris
a ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening
cornea
transparent anterior portion of the outer covering of the eye; protective layer
pupil
the adjustable opening in the center of the eye through which light enters