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a cause of World War I - loyalty to a nation and promotion of its interests above all others
another cause of World War I -defense agreement among nations - Triple Alliance & Triple Entente
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
Treaty of Versailles
signed at the end of World War I - forced to sign a war-guilt clause and pay $33 billion in reparations
League of Nations
An international peace keeping organization that did not have the power to enforce decisions
Allocation of former German colonies and Ottoman possessions to the victorious powers after World War I, to be administered under League of Nations supervision
The overthrow of Russia's provisional government by Lenin and his followers - created a communist nation in Russia
Causes of the Russian Revolution
a) Previous defeat in the Russo-Japanese War b) Landless peasants c) incompetent leadership d)Many defeats and casualties during WW I
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
Leader of the Bolshevik (later Communist) Party. He lead the Bolsheviks to victory during the Russian Revolution and the civil war that followed.
Created by President Wilson to create a lasting peace. It included: League of Nations, Freedom of the Seas, Mandate System, and Self-determination
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Germany's policy for sinking ships. This caused the United States to enter WW I in 1917
Causes of the Great Depression
1. German Reparations
2. Expansion of production capacities - U.S. dominated global economy
3. High Protective Tariffs
4. Excessive expansion of credit
5. Stock Market Crash in 1929
Impacts of Great Depression
1. High unemployment
2. Bank failures and collapse of credit
3. Collapse of prices in world trade
4. Rise of Nazi Party blaming European Jews
Government control over every aspect of public and private life (examples: Soviet Union, Germany, and Italy during WW II)
Economic system that is controlled by the Government. No private ownership. (Soviet Union)
these were economic goals set for increased industrial production in the Soviet union under Joseph Stalin
Beginning in 1934, Stalin's plan to eliminate all opposition to his Communist government (opposition was killed or sent to labor camps)
combining small farms into large, factory-like farms run by the government created by Stalin for the Soviet Union
increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money. Germany had high inflation after World War I
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an Iron Curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Battle of Tanneberg
(WW I) Battle between Russian and German Forces. Russia was defeated due to poor planning and German use of railroads
Battle of the Somme
A 1916 WWI battle between German and British forces. Ending in a stalemate. The deadliest battle of WW II
Battle of Verdun
Longest battle of World War I. It ended in a stalemate, with both sides suffering hundreds of thousands of casualties
Battle of Gallipoli
Also known as the Gallipoli campaign, it took place at the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey (WW I)
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died.
Stock Market Crash
Event in which the value of stock fell so low which caused people to be left with huge debts; banks ran out of money and closed, people lost jobs; beginning of Great Depression
Allied Invasion led Dwight D. Eisenhower on June 6, 1944 to free France from German control and begin the liberation of Western Europe
A mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during World War II. (6 million Jews were murdered)
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S during WW I
Leader of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, who terrorized the people of Cambodia throughout the 1970's
Top Allied Commander during WW II who later created the Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe
Harry S. Truman
Took over as President upon Roosevelt's death. Made the decision to use the atomic bombs on Japan
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