Terms in this set (27)

  • Acute
    An illness or injury characterized by rapid onset, severe symptoms, and short duration; may require medical care
  • Autoimmune
    Abnormal condition in which the immune system produces antibodies against (attacks) its own tissues. Examples include rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis
  • Benign
    Nonrecurring; nonmalignant. Used to describe cancers in which the patient has a good chance of survival
  • Chronic
    An illness or injury characterized by long duration and slow progression; for example, congestive heart failure
  • Congenital
    A condition that is present at birth and may be the result of either genetic or environmental factors; cerebral palsy, for example
  • Convalescence
    A period of gradual recovery after illness or injury
  • Debilitating
    Having a weakening or fatiguing effect
  • Endemic
    A disease that is ongoing and restricted to a specific population, group, area of land
  • Endogenous
    An injury or condition that originates within the body; for example, circulatory disorders, diabetes, and immune system disorders
  • Epidemic
    A sudden, widespread outbreak of a disease within a population, group or area of land
  • Exogenous
    An injury or condition that originates outside the body; for example, trauma, chemical injury, or infection by an airborne pathogen
  • Genetic
    Inherited; passed on from one's parents
  • Hypersensitivity
    Condition in which the body's immune system has an exaggerated response to an antigen, a substance that is harmful or perceived by the body to be harmful; allergy
  • Iatrogenic
    An infection or disease that arises as a complication of medical or surgical intervention. Radiation and chemotherapy, for example, commonly produce the iatrogenic effects of nausea, vomiting, hair loss, and anemia
  • Idiopathic
    A diseas that has an unknown etiology (cause)
  • Immunological
    Pertaining to a reaction between an antigen and an antibody, a protein that the body makes in response to an antigen
  • Infectious
    Capable of causing an infection
  • Inflammatory
    Marked by inflammation (redness, heat, fever and swelling) or caused by inflammation
  • Ischemic
    A condition or disease caused by a temporary deficiency in blood flow to an organ or tissue; for example, an ischemic stroke
  • Malignant
    Used to describe cancers that tend to spread, get progressively worse and become life threatening
  • Metabolic
    A disorder that interferes with normal metabolism, the chemical processes involved in converting food to energy and in sustaining life; diabetes, for example
  • Neoplastic
    A new abnormal growth that may be cancerous or noncancerous
  • Nosocomial
    An infection acquired in a hospital setting that was not present upon admission. Pneumonia is a common nosocomial infection
  • Nutritional
    Relating to chemical processes in the body that occur after ingesting (eating) food
  • Opportunistic
    A pathogen that normally does not cause a disease unless the immune system is in a weakened stat. AIDS patients, for example, are highly susceptible to opportunistic infections
  • Syndrome
    A set of signs or symptoms that occur together as part of a disease process
  • Terminal
    A disease for which there are treatments but no cure; fatal (certain malignant cancers, for example).