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149 terms

World History 2

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Gertrud stein
The term "lost generation" was coined by
Oswald Spengler
The writer whose Decline of the West proposed that European society had entered the final stage of its existence was
Niokolai Berdiav
Who wrote, "Man's historical experience has been one of steady failure, and there are no grounds for supposing it will be ever anything else"?
John Maynard Keyes
who discussed the end of laissez-faire capitalism.
Einstein's theory of general relativity
The notion that space and time are relative to the person measuring them was first articulated in
heisenberg
The uncertainty principle is associated with
In a purely scientific sense, the uncertainty principle proposes that
In a purely scientific sense, the uncertainty principle proposes that
Paul Gaughin
The painter who was influenced by the "primitive" art of Tahiti was
Edgar Degas
The deliberate violation of perspective by Japanese artists influenced
Walter Gropius and Chinese painting
which of the following is not an accurate match between artist and artistic influence?
generally accepted standards that distinguished between "good" and "bad" art disappeared.
One of the biggest results of the artistic experimentation of the 1920s and 1930s was that
overproduction and falling prices.
A troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by
he U.S. stock market crashed.
On Black Thursday, 24 October 1929,
44 percent
At the lowest point of the Great Depression, what percentage U.S. banks were out of business?
practiced economic nationalism
During the Great Depression, most nations
tighten money supply
Which of the following was not one of the chief actions of Roosevelt's New Deal
Mussolini
The term fascism was first used by
Adolf Hitler
The leader of the fascist movement in Germany was
Depraved german jews of their citizenship
The 1935, Nuremberg Laws
to pressure them to emigrate.
The official goal of the Nazi regime toward Jews in the period before World War II was
attacked the liberal Christian theology that had embraced the idea of progress.
n Karl Barth's Epistle to the Romans, he
Erich Maria Remarque.
The author of All Quiet on the Western Front was
niokolai berdiaev
Who wrote, "Man's historical experience has been one of steady failure, and there are no grounds for supposing it will be ever anything else"?
was roundly attacked
In the years after World War I, the idea of progress
heisenberg
The uncertainty principle is associated with
they called into question the established notions of truth.
Discoveries in physics added to the anxiety of the 1920s and 1930s because
Sigmund Freud
The father of psychoanalysis was
arcitecture
The term Bauhaus is associated with
overproduction and falling prices
A troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by
at its lowest level in four hundred years.
By 1929, the price of a bushel of wheat was
practiced economic nationalism
During the Great Depression, most nations
urged the government to expand the money supply and undertake public works to provide jobs
In response to the Great Depression, economist John Maynard Keynes
leninists and stalinists
The Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution was between
war communism
was an unplanned course of nationalization.
implemented free market reforms
Lenin's New Economic Policy of 1921
stalin
This individual believed in a philosophy of promoting communism primarily in the Soviet Union rather than trying to export the revolution to other nations.
first five year plan
was designed to transform the Soviet Union from an agricultural nation into an industrial one.
both China and India
In the decades following World War I, nationalism was most powerful in Asia in the regions of
the indian national congress
The most influential organization dedicated to the end of British rule in India was
satyagraha
Gandhi's philosophy of passive resistance
heavy industrialization
Which of the following was not one of the foundations of Gandhi's philosophy?
the india act of 1937
gave the institutions of a self-governing state to India, although the British government still exercised overall control.
pakistan
Muhammad Ali Jinnah called for the creation of
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
an Indian nationalist that garnered great support for the Indian independence movement.
the may fourth movement
galvanized the Chinese against foreign interference.
mao zedong
The former teacher and librarian that became the leader of the Chinese communist movement was
Sun Yatsen's plan for China included all of the following except
the establishment of a communist, totalitarian government.
economic hardship caused by the Great Depression.
The nationalist government of China was challenged by all of the following except
the long march
greatly strengthened Mao Zedong's leadership position.
maoism
a political ideology that held that peasants were the foundation for a successful communist revolution.
the mukden incident
provided Japan with the excuse to send troops into Manchuria.
Manchukuo
Japanese puppet state in the former Manchuria.
they were bound by colonial ties of european powers
Africans were participants in World War I because
both compel colonial subjects to pay for the institutions that held Africa in subjugation and to develop export-oriented economies characterized by trading of raw materials and cash crops for European manufactured goods.
The two economic goals pursued by European colonial powers in Africa following World War I were
Pan africanism
the idea that the unification of all people of African descent around the globe into one African state
dollar diplomacy and good neigbor policy
Which of the following are U.S. policies towards Latin America
Lazaro Cardenas
This Mexican president nationalized his country's oil industry, thus posing a challenge to the United States policy of non-intervention in Latin American affairs.
both china and india
n the decades following World War I, nationalism was most powerful in Asia in the regions of
Muslims perceived that they were economically controlled by the Hindu majority of India.
The Great Depression aggravated the tense situation between Muslims and Hindus in India in part because
Ban Gangadhar Tilak
an Indian nationalist that garnered great support for the Indian independence movement.
mao zedong
The former teacher and librarian that became the leader of the Chinese communist movement was
the establishment of a communist, totalitarian government
Sun Yatsen's plan for China included all of the following except
jiang jieshi
Mao Zedong's main rival after 1925 was
turn toward a militaristic government whose goal was the domination of east Asia.
the great depression led japan to
the mukden incident
provided Japan with the excuse to send troops into Manchuria.
manchuko
Japanese puppet state in the former Manchuria.
Marcus garvey
One of the greatest proponents of Pan-Africanism was
José Carlos Mariátegui
both established the Socialist Party of Peru and was particularly concerned with the plight of the poor and Latin American Indians.
both Dollar Diplomacy and Good Neighbor Policy
Which of the following are U.S. policies towards Latin America?
Lázaro Cárdenas
This Mexican president nationalized his country's oil industry, thus posing a challenge to the United States policy of non-intervention in Latin American affairs.
both india and china
In the decades following World War I, nationalism was most powerful in Asia in the regions of
the indian national congress
The most influential organization dedicated to the end of British rule in India was
Jiang Jieshi
Mao Zedong's main rival after 1925 was
The Great Depression led Japan to
turn toward a militaristic government whose goal was the domination of east Asia.
The Warsaw Treaty Organization
was formed in response to NATO.
Kim Il Sung.
The president of North Korea was
an encouragement of the globalization of the U.S. policy of containment.
The Korean War resulted in
all of the choices are correct.
The Bay of Pigs invasion
Cuban Missile Crisis
This Cold War event was the closest that the Soviet Union and the United States came to war with one another.
how unhappy many American women were.
Betty Friedan, in her book The Feminine Mystique, wrote about
Brown vs the board of education
In 1954, segregation in U.S. schools was declared illegal in
carried out a foreign policy independent of the Soviet Union and United States.
The French president Charles de Gaulle
Nikita Khrushchev.
n active policy of de-Stalinization was begun in 1956 by
Imre Nagy
announced Hungary's withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact in 1956
was a totalitarian, communist nation under the leadership of Mao Zedong.
Upon it creation in 1949, the People's Republic of China
revisionists
by the mid-1960s, the Chinese were accusing the Soviets of being
a reduction in hostility between nations.
The policy of détente means
Afghanistan.
The Soviet Union discovered its "Vietnam" in
the Taliban.
The government of Muhammad Najibullah, who had been put in place in Afghanistan back in 1986, was finally overthrown in 1996 by
The Soviet Union had a very good reputation because of its role in defeating the Nazis.
Which of the following statements reflects the relationship between the Soviet Union and eastern Europe at the end of World War II?
Czechoslovakia.
The "velvet revolution" brought change to
the brutal Romanian dictator who was overthrown and killed in 1989.
Nicolae Ceauşescu was
uskorenie.
Mikhail Gorbachev tried to implement a policy of "acceleration," or
Boris Yeltsin.
At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the largest of the republics, the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, was headed by
was formed out of the Soviet zone of occupation.
the German Democratic Republic
U.S. president Dwight Eisenhower
was a believer in the domino theory.
W. E. B. DuBois.
The black nationalist who believed that U.S. blacks should seek repatriation in Africa was
inspired Czechoslovakia to switch to communism.
Alexander Dubcek's Prague Spring
The Brezhnev Doctrine
reserved the right of the Soviet Union to invade any socialist country that was deemed to be threatened by forces hostile to socialism.
détente
a reduction in hostility between nations.
the Soviet Union and the United States.
The Strategic Arms Limitations Talks were signed in 1972 between
The term Vietnamization
was supposed to mean turning the Vietnam War over to the South Vietnamese.
The Paris Peace Accords of 1973
brought an end to the Nigerian civil war.
the taliban
The government of Muhammad Najibullah, who had been put in place in Afghanistan back in 1986, was finally overthrown in 1996 by
The Soviet Union had a very good reputation because of its role in defeating the Nazis.
Which of the following statements reflects the relationship between the Soviet Union and eastern Europe at the end of World War II?
Erich Honecker.
The Soviet Union had a very good reputation because of its role in defeating the Nazis.
Mikhail Gorbachev
never intended to abolish the existing Soviet political and economic system.
decentralizing the economy.
Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of perestroika referred to
Boris Yeltsin and some loyal Red Army units.
Mikhail Gorbachev was rescued from an unsuccessful coup by
Boris Yeltsin
Who finally dismantled the Soviet Communist party and pushed the country toward free market reforms?
a Hindu extremist.
On 30 January 1948, Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated by
was dangerous because it emphasized religious over national identity.
Both Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru felt that communalism
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Who said, "The only solution to India's problems is Pakistan"?
Hindus and Muslims
In 1946, six thousand people died in the Great Calcutta Killing in a confrontation between
Jawaharlal Nehru.
Gamal Abdel Nasser's internationalist position was most similar to that of
the United States condemned the attack and forced them to withdraw.
The English and French were forced to withdraw from controlling the Suez Canal during the crisis in 1956 because
"The year of Africa" refers to
the winning of independence in 1960 of thirteen former European African colonies.
Bernard Dadié
the African poet who wrote "Dry Your Tears, Africa!"
Kwame Nkrumah.
9.
The leader of the first sub-Saharan African nation to gain independence, and the most important nationalist leader in Africa, was
kenya
Jomo Kenyatta was a nationalist leader in
Indira Gandhi.
he Indian leader who attempted to control the massive population growth in India by ordering involuntary sterilization was
Anwar Sadat.
The Egyptian leader who both masterminded the surprise Yom Kippur attack on Israel and facilitated the peace process with the Israelis was
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
The U.S.-backed government of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in Iran was overthrown in 1979 by
mexico
What country has the Institutional Revolutionary Party ruled for much of the twentieth century?
was ruled by military dictators who caused the "disappearance" of thousands
Argentina, in the late 1970s and early 1980s,
cuba
The U.S.-backed Somoza family ruled what country for more than forty years?
nelson mandela
The leader of the African National Congress was
sharpeville
In 1960, sixty-nine blacks were slaughtered in South Africa in the __________ massacre.
zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko was the dictatorial leader of
the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
Mobutu Sese Seko's coup, in which he killed Zaire's first prime minister, was supported by
pakistan
Muhammad Ali Jinnah called for the creation of
the province of Kashmir.
War broke out between India and Pakistan in 1947 over
ended world war 2
The Bandung Conference
ho chi mihn
The leader of North Vietnam was
the first president of South Vietnam.
Ngo Dinh Diem was
lyndon johnson
n 1965, which U.S. president ordered a bombing campaign against North Vietnam and sent American ground troops to bolster the South Vietnam army?
left Gamal Abdel Nasser as the leading figure in the Arab world
The Suez Canal crisis of 1956
the United States condemned the attack and forced them to withdraw.
The English and French were forced to withdraw from controlling the Suez Canal during the crisis in 1956 becaus
france
After a long and bloody conflict, the Algerians gained their independence in 1962 from
urged the use of violence against colonial oppressors
In The Wretched of the Earth, Frantz Fanon
British.
The Mau Mau uprising was an attempt to free Kenya from control by the
zimbabwe
Jomo Kenyatta was a nationalist leader in
Mao Zedong.
The disastrous Great Leap Forward was backed by
Deng Xiaoping
brought free market reforms to China.
Anwar Sadat
The Egyptian leader who both masterminded the surprise Yom Kippur attack on Israel and facilitated the peace process with the Israelis was
islamism
The desire for the reassertion of Islamic values in Muslim politics was at the heart of
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
The U.S.-backed government of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in Iran was overthrown in 1979 by
iraq
From 1980 through 1988, Iran was involved in a bloody war with
mexico
What country has the Institutional Revolutionary Party ruled for much of the twentieth century?