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EN 206: Final
British Lit II
Terms in this set (53)
Feminist Literary Criticism
Application of gender studies and the representation of women in literature as well as the material circumstances of a patriarchal culture in relation to authorship
Marxist Literary Criticism
Emphasizes the role of class and ideology as they propagate, reflect, and sometimes challenge the dominant social order
Archetypal Literary Criticism
Use of the theories of Carl Jung, Joseph Campbell, James Hillman, or any of their followers to apply the theory of archetypes to mythology and literature
An example of Archetypal literary criticism is....
Striving Towards Wholeness by Barbara Hannah
Carl Gustav Jung
Swiss psychologist who founded analytical psychology
An icon or paradigm of an abstract idea which represents an essential element of that culture's mythology or beliefs.
Gradual unification through resolution or psychological conflicts and integration of shadow, anima/animus, and realization of self.
Part of the unconscious mind shared by society, people, or all humankind. The product of ancestral experiences, It contains concepts of science, religion, and mortality.
feminine attributes of the unconscious in a male
male attributes of the unconscious in a female
A movement in literature and the arts dating from 1913-1945 concerned with the exploration of psychological states of mind, alienation, and social rupture that characterized the era between two world wars
What was modernism influenced by?
World War I, Writings and ideas of Sigmund Freud, & belief in art s an aesthetic object, not as an overflow of emotions
Goblin Market: Christina Rosetti
Written in 1859, Published in 1862. Sisters Lizzie and Laura hear the Goblins cry for them to taste their fruits. Laura indulges and begins to wither. She can no longer hear the Goblins. Sister Lizzie gets juices squeezed all over her and Laura licks it off which leads to recovery.
Dover Beach: Matthew Arnold
Where Arnold and his wife vacationed. 4 stanzas. 1=present moment, 2=Ancient Greece, Sophocles, 3=Medieval Europe-Western Christianity "sea of faith" withdrawing, 4=present moment-answer is romantic love. "Ah love, let us be true to one another"
The Buried Life: Matthew Arnold
Talking to his beloved. Predestination, authentic self, fate has hidden a river of life for our own good, our true identity. Love/acts of love=partial resolution.
Preface to Poems: Matthew Arnold
Literature should REJOICE and INSPIRIT. Greeks choose important subject matter. Shakespeare is the greatest writer but his flaw is that his language is difficult to read and understand. Modern writers should not be pessimistic; should learn from past greats.
1888-1965. Born in St. Louis, Missouri. Harvard Grad. Moved to London and became a British citizen. Won Nobel Prize for Literature in 1948.
1865-1939. Born in Dublin. Family lived in London from 9-15 before returning to Ireland. Acutely aware of anglo-irish relations. Close friends with Ezra Pound. Grew up loving romanticism and came to modernism very slowly. Searched whole life for something to fill spiritual void.
The Second Coming: W.B. Yeats
The apocalypse/anti-christ is coming. Starts with a falcon flying away from falconer in a spiral (gyre). Similar to Ozymandias "creature raised out of sand" cinematic quality. Anti-christ figure slouches towards Bethlehem to be born. "Blood dimmed tide"=WWI, nile turning red.
Leda & the Swan: W.B. Yeats
Leda gets raped by a swan (Zeus), Leda becomes impregnated with Helen of Troy (the most beautiful woman in the world). Births eggs.
The Hero Within: Carol S. Pearson
1986. 6 Archetypes: orphan, wanderer, warrior, altruist, innocent, magician. Were moving from a warrior to a magician culture.
Carol S. Pearson
Mythology and archetype writer. Long time corporate consultant.
Araby: James Joyce
1914. A short story published in his collection of Dubliners in 1914. Depicts life on North Richmond Street of Dublin from his childhood (20 years earlier). Story culminates in an epiphany for the young narrator as he experiences the futility of idealized romantic love.
1882-1941. One of the most important literary figures of the 20th century. Transformed the art of the novel. Added significantly to literary criticism and feminism. Published many early modernist writers including T.S. Elliot.
Modern Fiction: Virginia Woolf
An essay that describes the hallmarks of the emerging literary movement of modernism. States importance of stream of concious narrative. Praises James Joyce. "Life is a luminous halo." "the point of interest, lies very likely in the dark places of psychology."
The Force that Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower: Dylan Thomas
Develops the notion that the primary force of nature is both procreative and destructive. Also expresses the idea that humans are "dumb to tell" this difference in their own lives. (That we think ourselves above, or separate from nature)
Do Not Go Gentle Into That Goodnight: Dylan Thomas
A villanelle written by Thomas for his dying father which promotes the idea that (although death is unavoidable), everyone should fight against it.
Knew a lot of writers of modernism. Met Elliot and sent Prufrock to publish. Sent to a mental hospital, everyone petitioned for his release, released.
English Female writer in the 1800's 1st wave of feminism. Acknowledgement of female sexuality.
Most important shaper of both American and British criticism up to the time of T.S. Elliot. Born in Laleham next to thames river. Father is clergyman. Never took things too seriously. Wrote in spare time and traveled a lot.
Born in Dublin. Catholic Education. Studied modern languages at Oxford. Lived in Paris with Nora Barnacle 20 years. Moved to Switzerland because of war, died shortly after.
Welsh Poet, Born in Wales. Newspaper Reporter before discovered as a poet. Visionary Romanticism.
selfish or seemingly "negative impulses one denies oneself
Realization of Self
experience of God, non-duality, being at one with the universe.
Narrarator of The Wasteland
Tiresias, a blind prophet who has been both and man and woman and thus can observe and present the scenes of sexual dysfunction.
First Section of The Wasteland
Death and regeneration
Second Section of the Wasteland
Failed Sexual Relationships
Original title of The Wasteland
He Do The Police in Different Voices
Year T.S. Elliot won Nobel Prize for literature
Year The Hero Within was published
Year A Room Of Ones Own was published
Year James Joyce's Book of Dubliners was published
Years modernism took place
Year Virginia Woolf published The Wasteland as a small book
What was Virginia Woolf's publishing company called?
Where did Virginia Woolf do her lectures at?
What is needed according to Virginia Woolf to be a writer
Fixed income and a room of ones own
1st Wave Feminism
2nd Wave Feminism
3rd Wave feminism
JFK elected president
Birth Control Pill
Prufrock: T.S. Elliot
Tortured psyche of the protypical modern man. The speaker is approaching a potential lover and is very timid because he feels everyone i judging him.
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