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History Test-Chapter 2 Study Guide
Terms in this set (50)
Who are the people of the 16th and 17th centuries who wanted to purify the Church of England by removing false teachings and practices?
Who was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, who wanted the community to be a model of Christian love?
Who was the chief of several Woodland Indian tribes in the Chesapeake Bay area?
Who were the people who agreed to work for a period of time to pay off a debt?
These people were the Separating Puritans of the 16th and 17th centuries who did not think the Church of England would change. They started their own churches according to God's Word. Who are they?
Who made the colonists at Jamestown work in the fields?
Which colony was built in a poor spot, and many of the colonists there would not work?
What place did the colonists land which was largely uninhabited?
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Having its company's leaders in America gave the colonists greater freedom here. Which colony was this?
The colonial governor made the people attend church two times a day and work for their food here. Which colony was this?
A Patuxet Indian taught the colonists how to grow new foods here. Which colony was this?
Massachusetts Bay Colony
This colony set up a congregational church government
England's cities became wicked, this made people want to start colonies for what reasons?
jobs and land
The English wanted to plant colonies in America because in England there were too many people and not enough what?
The place where the Pilgrims landed had already been cleared for farming. What did they discover had been stored there?
This person became the leader of Jamestown. He also wrote books and maps that the Puritans used when they crossed the Atlantic. Who is he?
These people agreed to work for a period of time until they paid off a debt. After their debt was paid, they were free. They were the first Africans in America. Who were they?
congregational church government
What did Puritans set up with the belief that God's people should be able to choose their pastors?
The Separatists needed other people to help them establish the colony of Plymouth. These people were not Separatists, what were they called?
What allows sailors to know which directions they are sailing?
Who set foot on an island in the Americas in 1492?
Bartolome de Las Casas
Who became a monk and wrote about the treatment of the American Indians?
Where did Columbus go after sailing along the coast of Africa?
October 12, 1492
When did Columbus set foot on an island in the Americas?
Who eventually declared that American Indians are humans with souls
Who helped Portugal become skilled at exploration?
Who explored the coast of Africa for Portugal?
Vasco da Gama
Who wanted to be the first to sail from Europe to India?
What helps to calculate the angle of the sun?
Who helped the Pilgrims by teaching them how to grow new kinds of food and being a translator for them with the Wampanoag Indians?
Spain and Portugal
What countries make up the Iberian Peninsula?
India and China
Where did most of the goods that Europe desired come from?
They wanted to explore new trade routes to the East, and find new allies and wealth to fight against the Muslim threat
Why did Europeans want to explore the world?
They wanted to find a place to live and worship as the Bible taught
Why did the Pilgrims move to America?
Who tried to put an end to Puritanism?
Fighting between colonists and Indians, the supply ships were delayed by war, and the colonists did not work hard enough to grow food
Why did the Roanoke colony fail?
This settlement was governed by Peter Stuyvesant and named its capital New Amsterdam. What was the name of this settlement?
What was the first English colony?
This settlement made an agreement with the Iroquois and Hurans and established fur trading. What was the name of this settlement?
Mayflower and the Speedwell
What were the names of the ships the Pilgrims hired to cross the Atlantic?
Which one of the ships the Pilgrims hired sprung a leak and caused the people on board to get off?
What ship took the Pilgrims to America?
What did the Pilgrims sign after they landed in order to set up a government?
What was the first town in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
After the Separatists left Scrooby, where did they live for 10 years before deciding to leave and start a new colony in America?
They thought too much sin was allowed there and that it might affect their children
Why did the Separatists leave the Netherlands and decide to start a colony in America?
Where did the Separatists live where they broke the law by having their own churches?
They tried to rule over them and they did not share the gospel with them
How did the colonists treat Powhatan's people at Jamestown?
Who was Powhatan's daughter who pleaded for and saved John Smith's life?
Who were the group of Separatists who lived in Scrooby, England and would later start the Plymouth colony?