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Medical Vocabulary Worksheet

Medical Conditions and Diseases
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HIV positive
having the virus that may develop into AIDS
HIV negative
term used to describe a person who does not have antibodies for HIV present in the blood
Angina
pain in the heart region caused by lack of oxygen
Appendicitis
inflammation of the vermiform appendix
Arthritis
inflammation of a joint or joints
Asthma
respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing
Atherosclerosis
condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on the inner walls of the arteries
Bell's Palsy
temporary paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve that causes drooping only on the affected side of the face
Bronchitis
inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
Bursitis
INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSA
Calculus
A concretion formed in various parts of the body resembling a pebble in hardness.
Blood Clots
form around injury site to prevent any microbes or their toxins from spreading
Cancer
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
a disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel (where the nerve passes through the wrist)
Cerebral Palsy
a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
Chicken pox
common childhood disease that causes itchy bumps on the skin
Congestive Heart Failure
inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues
Convulsions
involuntary muscular contractions
Coronary Artery Disease
a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
CVA- Cerebrovascular Accident- CVA- Cerebrovascular Accident- Stroke
when blood vessels in the brain are obstructed or rupture
Cystitis
inflammation of the bladder
Dementia
mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
Diabetes
A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin.
Diphtheria
acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium
Epilepsy
a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
Flu/influenza
a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by any of a variety of viruses
Gall Stones
compacted bits of bile causing blockage of Gall Bladder and possible rupture
Gastrointestinal Disease
Solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach.
Gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
Gout
Inflammation of joints due to the deposit of sodium urate crystals
Graft versus Host Disease
condition that occurs following bone marrow transplant in which the immune cells in the transplanted marrow produce antibodies against the host's tissues
Hay Fever
a seasonal rhinitis resulting from an allergic reaction to pollen
Heart Failure
inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions
Hemorrhoids
Swollen, painful rectal veins; often a result of constipation
Hepatitis
inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin, inflammation of the liver
Hodgkin's Disease
cancer of the lymphatic tissue
Hypertension
a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
Jaundice
a sharp and bitter manner
Leprosy
chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions
Leukemia
cancer of white blood cells
Lupus
a chronic autoimmune disease.
Meningitis
infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection
Metastasis
the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
Heart Attack
the event in which vessels that feed the heart muscle become blocked, causing tissue death
Multiple Sclerosis
a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
Mumps
an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
Myesthenia Gravis
muscle weakness. Produces antibodies that prevent muscle from receiving neurotransmitter form neurons. Auto immune
Narrowing of the Arteries
Moyamoya disease
Osteoporosis
abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium
Pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
Pneumonia
inflammation of the lungs
Paralysis
loss of the ability to move a body part
Prostate Cancer
cancer of the prostate gland
Lung Failure
lung cannot oxygenate blood b/c alveoli fill with fluid
Renal Calculi
Kidney stones
Kidney Failure
inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
Respiratory Arrest
When breathing completely stops
Rheumatism
any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues
Rheumatoid Fever
occurs when antibodies are generated against "streptococcus aureus" wall protein (bacteria)
Rubella
a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days
Sarcoma
a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue (bone or muscle etc.)
Scarlet Fever
an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash
Seizures
a neurological dysfunction caused by a sudden episode of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain that may result in the involuntary, uncontrolled muscle contractions. usually characterized by LOC and involuntary spasmodic muscle twitching.
Slipped Disk
condition where a cartilage disc (located between each vertebrae and acts as a shock absorber of the spine) ruptures or protrudes out of place and places pressure on spinal nerves
Small pox
is an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus: Variants named Variola major and Variola minor.
Sore Throat
inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
Sprain
twist suddenly so as to sprain
Strain
make tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious;
Stroke
touch lightly and with affection, with brushing motions
STD
sexually transmitted disease
Tachycardia
abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
Tetanus
an acute and potentially fatal infection of the central nervous system caused by a toxin produced by the tetanus bacteria
Thyroid
part of the endocrine system that produces hormones that regulate metabolism
Tuberculosis
infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
Typhoid Fever
serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration
Ulcer
an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar and is sometimes accompanied by infection
Venereal Disease
a communicable disease transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
Whooping cough
a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
Yellow Fever
a disease transmitted by mosquitoes: its symptoms inclued high fever and vomiting