23 terms

Accounting Ch. 9, 10, 13, 17

When a business sells merchandise to a customer, _____ is debited and ______ is credited.
Accounts Receivable and Sales
If a payment is received by a customer within the discount period, the following journal entry would be
debit to cash and debit to sales discounts and credit to accounts receivable
The allowance method
Is required when bad debts are material in amount.
What is the proper journal entry for estimated uncollectibles?
Debit to Bad Debt Expense and credit to Accounts Receivable
What is the journal entry for actual uncollectibles? (write-off)
Debit allowance for doubtful accounts and credit Accounts Receivable
Aging of Accounts Method
A method of estimating bad debts expense that involves a detailed examination of outstanding accounts and their length of time past due.
Percent of Sales Method
The allowance method based on the idea that a given percent of a company's credit sales for the period are uncollectible
Notes Receivable
Claims for which formal instruments of credit are issued as proof of the debt
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts on the balance sheet is offset against _________
Accounts Receivable
Two bases for estimating uncollectibles are
percentage of receivables and percentage of sales
Promissory Note
A written promise to pay a specified amount of money on demand or at a definite time.
Calculation for interest bearing note
Face Vale of Note x Annual Interest Rate x Time in terms of one year (month/year) =Interset
When a company receives a note receivable what is debited and what is credited?
Notes receivable is debited and Accounts Receivable is credited
When disposing of notes receivable, what are the three journal entries?
Cash is debited and notes receivable and interest revenue are credited
Book Value
Cost - Accumulated Depreciation
Depreciable Cost (formula)
Cost-Salvage Value
Depreciation expense (formula)
Depreciable Cost/Useful life in years
Par Value Stock
Capital stock that has been assigned a value per share in the corporate charter. It represents the legal capital per share that must be retained in the business for the protection of corporate creditors.
When a stated value is assigned to the share then it becomes...
the legal capital per share
The investment of cash and other assets in the corporation by stockholders in exchange for capital stock
Retained Earnings
net income retained in a corporation
Treasury stock
Is when a company buys back its own stock
Preferred Stock
Has contractual claims that give it priority over common stock