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RCHS Government (2017) - Foundations of Government Review
Terms in this set (37)
What is the type of government in which power is inherited?
Power of government comes from the people
The first national government failed because it was _____ to deal with the nation's problems.
Government in which power is held at a national level
The president can _____ laws passed by Congress
A formal change made to the U.S. Constitution
What are the powers that belong to governments of all nations?
What is the principle that calls for a division of power between the federal and state governments?
Formal approval of a written constitution
The "Father of the U.S. Constitution"
Congress has the power to _____ the president
Article III outlines the powers of the _____.
The thirteenth amendment abolished this in the U.S.
The _____ are responsible for ratifying amendments
The implied powers allow the government to stretch its powers and come from this clause of the Constitution.
Philosopher who believed that the needs of the community were more important than those of the individual
First ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
What is returning a person to state in which they committed a crime called?
Courts can declare laws or acts of the president's _____.
The _____ resolved the issue over how to count slaves for representation in Congress.
Institution with the power to make / enforce laws.
Philosopher that believed in three separate branches.
The type of government in which the power comes from the people.
What are the powers specifically granted to federal government?
Written set of laws / principles for a nation's government
A unicameral _____ held power under Articles / Confederation.
Government in which power is obtained through force.
Philosopher that believed that people were good and government protected their natural rights.
Who were the people who supported the new Constitution?
The _____ served at the nation's first government.
Articles of Confederation
Philosopher that believed that people were evil and the government should enforce obedience.
What are the major principles upon which democracy is based?
People have choices, recognize individual worth, respect for the law, protect minority rights, promote public goods.
What early document mapped out the type of government colonial leaders wanted?
The Magna Carta
What was the Great Compromise?
An agreement defining the legislative structure and created the House of Representatives and Senate (Congress).
How were Federalists able to get the Constitution ratified?
Through the two political parties and the Bill of Rights.
What is the "supremacy clause"?
Article VI, Clause 2
How many times has the U.S. Constitution been amended?