37 terms

RCHS Government (2017) - Foundations of Government Review

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What is the type of government in which power is inherited?
Monarchy
Power of government comes from the people
Popular Sovereignty
The first national government failed because it was _____ to deal with the nation's problems.
Too weak
Government in which power is held at a national level
Unitary
The president can _____ laws passed by Congress
Veto
A formal change made to the U.S. Constitution
Amendment
What are the powers that belong to governments of all nations?
Inherents
What is the principle that calls for a division of power between the federal and state governments?
Federalism
Formal approval of a written constitution
Ratification
The "Father of the U.S. Constitution"
James Madison
Congress has the power to _____ the president
Impeach
Article III outlines the powers of the _____.
Executive Branch
The thirteenth amendment abolished this in the U.S.
Slavery
The _____ are responsible for ratifying amendments
States
The implied powers allow the government to stretch its powers and come from this clause of the Constitution.
Elastic
Philosopher who believed that the needs of the community were more important than those of the individual
Rousseau
First ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
What is returning a person to state in which they committed a crime called?
Extradition
Courts can declare laws or acts of the president's _____.
Unconstitutional
The _____ resolved the issue over how to count slaves for representation in Congress.
Three-Fifths Compromise
Institution with the power to make / enforce laws.
Government
Philosopher that believed in three separate branches.
Montesques
The type of government in which the power comes from the people.
Republic
What are the powers specifically granted to federal government?
Represent
Written set of laws / principles for a nation's government
Constitution
A unicameral _____ held power under Articles / Confederation.
Congress
Government in which power is obtained through force.
Dictatorship
Philosopher that believed that people were good and government protected their natural rights.
John Locke
Who were the people who supported the new Constitution?
Federalists
The _____ served at the nation's first government.
Articles of Confederation
Philosopher that believed that people were evil and the government should enforce obedience.
Thomas Hobbes
What are the major principles upon which democracy is based?
People have choices, recognize individual worth, respect for the law, protect minority rights, promote public goods.
What early document mapped out the type of government colonial leaders wanted?
The Magna Carta
What was the Great Compromise?
An agreement defining the legislative structure and created the House of Representatives and Senate (Congress).
How were Federalists able to get the Constitution ratified?
Through the two political parties and the Bill of Rights.
What is the "supremacy clause"?
Article VI, Clause 2
How many times has the U.S. Constitution been amended?
Seventeen times