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12- Crimes Against Public Order and Morals

Today, disorderly conduct crimes are most often referred to as

quanlity of life

Current disorderly conduct statutes grew out of the common law crime of

breach of the peace

Broken windows theory is concerned with which of the following?

a direct link between disorder and crime

The Model Penal Code disorderly conduct statute requires the mens rea of


At common law, the offenses of unlawful assembly and rout involved ____ or more persons.


In a careful and extensive survey of a representative sample of high- and low-crime neighborhoods in major cities what topped the list of worries among all classes, races, and ethnic groups, among both men and women?

public drinking

Laws targeting poor people's behavior, and the attitudes behind them, began to change during

the Great Depression

What theory suggests that public order crime is serious because it eventually causes more serious crimes?

broken windows

The broken windows theory was originated by

Wilson and Kelling

In what case did the U.S. Supreme Court tighten the constitutional restrictions on loitering statutes?

Kolender v. Lawson

Courts began striking down vagrancy and loitering laws because they violated what doctrine?

void for vagueness

The crime of vagrancy refers to

poor people roaming around without visible means of support

In what case did the U.S. Court struck down the Jacksonville, Florida, vagrancy ordinance, which was nearly identical to virtually every other vagrancy law in the country?

Papischristou v. City of Jacksonville

The crime of loitering refers to

standing around with no apparent purpose

Enforcing the laws regulating the behavior of homeless and other street people generates controversy because

they seem to target the poorest and weakest members of society in order to make life more convenient for those who are better off

Panhandling statutes do not apply to

organized charities that solicit donations on the street

Because begging is protected speech, attempts to regulate it must meet the requirements of which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?


First Amendment rights are virtually unrestricted in which of the following areas?


What is the name of a temporary court order to do or to stop doing something?

a preliminary injunction

Which of the following is not a factor used by courts when testing for the validity of a time, place, and manner regulation?

the group/person making the speech

Which of the following is not an issue addressed by the "Matrix Program?"


The Constitution does not permit a legislature to set a net large enough to catch

all possible offenders

To deal with gang problems, many cities have utilized the civil remedy of an injunction to abate


In addition to criminal penalties, cities have also turned to what other remedies to control gang activity


In Morales v. Chicago, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the city's anti-gang ordinance was unconstitutional because it


In medieval times, who had power to try and punish crimes against morals?


The term "victimless crime" usually only applies to the conduct of


Which of the following is not an example of a "victimless crime"?


States can control the time, place and manner, but can not control the content of


The debate between Mill and Stephen concerns the relationship between


Currently prostitution means all contacts and penetrations as long as they're done with the intent to

end in the sex act

What type of crimes are a hot-button issue between those who believe that criminal law should enforce morality and those who believe the nonviolent behavior of competent adults is none of the law's business?

"victimless" crimes against public decency

What are disorderly conduct crimes aimed at?

bad manners

Which of the following would be guilty of the crime of promoting or soliciting prostitution?


In most states, prostitution and promoting prostitution are


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