Systems Analysis and Design - eQuiz 01
Terms in this set (55)
In the model of the SDLC shown in the accompanying figure, during the ________, the new system is constructed
systems implementation phase
User productivity systems _____
include e-mail, voice mail, fax, video and Web conferencing, word processing, automated calendars, database management, spreadsheets, desktop publishing, presentation graphics, company intranets, and integrated mobile computing systems
Examples of company-wide applications, called _________, include order processing systems, payroll systems, and company communications networks
In the ____, like that shown in the accompanying figure, the result of each phase, which is called a deliverable or end product, flows sequentially into the next phase in the SDLC.
In a typical company organizational model, middle managers ____.
provide direction, necessary resources, and performance feedback to supervisors and team leaders
A business process describes a specific set of ____.
____ enabled computer-to-computer transfer of data between companies, usually over private telecommunications networks.
Over 40 years ago, a concept called Moore's Law accurately predicted that computer processing power would double about every ____.
In the model of the SDLC, the purpose of the ____ is to build a logical model of the new system.
systems analysis phase
When planning an information system, a company must consider how a new system will interface with older systems, which are called ____.
Which of the following is one of the main sectors of e-commerce?
Agile methods typically use a(n) ____model, which represents a series of iterations based on user feedback.
In a typical company organizational model, top managers ____.
develop long-range plans, called strategic plans, which define the company's overall mission and goals
In object-oriented analysis, an object is a member of a(n) ____, which is a collection of similar objects.
An example of a horizontal system is a(n) ____.
In object-oriented design, built-in processes called ____ can change an object's properties.
____ methods include the latest trends in software development.
____ refers to the combination of hardware, software, and services that people use to manage, communicate, and share information.
In the model of the SDLC, the purpose of the ____ is to create a physical model that will satisfy all documented requirements for the system.
systems design phase
____ is a systems development technique that tests system concepts and provides an opportunity to examine input, output, and user interfaces before final decisions are made.
Systems analysts use a ____ to graphically represent company operations and information needs.
business process model
Database administration involves ____.
In the model of the SDLC, the ____ usually begins with a formal request to the IT department, called a systems request, which describes problems or desired changes in an information system or a business process.
systems planning phase
Product-oriented firms produced ____.
The ____ method of developing systems is well-suited to project management tools and techniques.
Whereas structured analysis treats processes and data as separate components, ____ combines data and the processes that act on the data into things called objects.
The ____ group typically provides leadership and overall guidance, but the systems themselves are developed by teams consisting of users, managers, and IT staff members.
A(n) ____ shows the data that flows in and out of system processes.
____ provides vital protection and maintenance services for system software and hardware, including enterprise computing systems, networks, transaction processing systems, and corporate IT infrastructure.
systems support and security
For complex operations, analysts apply computer-based modeling tools that use a standard language called ____.
business process modeling notation (BPMN)
Structured analysis is a traditional systems development technique that uses a series of phases, called the ____, to plan, analyze, design, implement, and support an information system.
Business support systems ____.
provide job-related information support to users at all levels of a company
Transaction processing (TP) systems ____.
process data generated by day-to-day business operations
Knowledge management systems use a large database called a(n) ____ that allows users to find information by entering keywords or questions in normal English phrases.
In the model of the SDLC shown in the accompanying figure, during the ____, the IT staff maintains, enhances, and protects the system.
systems support and security phase
The newest development techniques are called ____, which attempt to develop systems incrementally.
____ is a systems development technique that produces a graphical representation of a concept or process that systems developers can analyze, test, and modify.
Because it focuses on processes that transform data into useful information, structured analysis is called a(n) ____ technique.
____ software controls the flow of data, provides data security, and manages network operations.
The ____ method of developing systems produces code that is modular and reusable.
The ____ method of developing systems stresses team interaction and reflects a set of community-based values.
An example of a vertical system is a(n) ____.
-database for an auto dealership
-medical practice application
A ____, or requirements model, describes the information that a system must provide.
A business ____ is an overview that describes a company's overall functions, processes, organization, products, services, customers, suppliers, competitors, constraints, and future direction.
A(n) ____ investigates, analyzes, designs, develops, installs, evaluates, and maintains a company's information systems.
(Matching) The name for new business support systems that produced valuable information, in addition to performing manual tasks; their primary users were managers.
(Matching) In many large companies, these kinds of systems provide cost-effective support for users and managers throughout the company.
(Matching) Requests specific behavior or information from another object.
(Matching) An early working version of an information system.
(Matching) Can expand to meet new business requirements and volumes.
Produces a graphical representation of a concept or process that systems developers can analyze, test, and modify.
People who oversee operational employees and carry out day-to-day functions.
An approach that proponents believe reduces risks and speeds up software development.
All companies that provide materials, services, and functions needed to provide a product to a customer.
People who rely on TP systems to enter and receive data they need to perform their jobs.