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Theatre Test One
Terms in this set (54)
A particular theory or conception of beauty or art.
The form of literature that reaches its full potential by being enacted before an audience.
What characters do physically in the plot of a play.
What characters say verbally to each other in the plot of a play.
The unspoken thoughts, feelings, and intentions of the characters that underlie and prompt the action and spoken texts.
A live theatrical performance or a dramatic script intended for live theatrical performance.
The text of a play, sometimes called the book or the acting edition.
Information given to the audience by characters in a play so the story can be understood.
What happens to a character in his or her lifetime; historical events in a character's life often condensed into a plot for dramatic purposes.
The part of a character's story told in play form.
The people that actors portray in a play.
A person that portrays a character in a play
The Greek word for conflict between an antagonist and a protagonist.
An opposition of forces between characters in a play.
What a character wants that drives the action and dialogue.
Something that a character strives for in a play; another word for motivation.
A person, situation, or physical barrier that keeps a character from achieving their goals.
An unexpected problem that occurs when a character is attempting to overcome an obstacle.
Ancient Greek philosopher who wrote a treatise on Greek drama called The Poetics.
Person credited with being the first actor in 6th century B.C.E., our word thespian comes from him.
First theorist of theatre who emphasized the similarities between the public recitations of poetry and simple dramatic performances.
Festival in Ancient Athens honoring the Greek God Dionysus where first dramatic competition started in 534 B.C.E.
A choral ode sung in honor of the Greek god Dionysus that Greek theatre evolved from.
A play or other serious work with an unhappy ending, comes from Ancient Greek word tragoidia which literally means "goat song."
A play or other lighthearted work with a happy ending, usually pokes fun at some aspect of human existence, comes from Ancient Greek word komoidia which means "song of the revels."
A category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content.
Ancient Greek term for actor; literally means "one with two faces."
A fan shaped seating area for the audience in Ancient Greek theatre usually built onto a hillside; our word theatre comes from this
A round space between the theatron and the skene in Ancient Greek theatre where the chorus in Greek theatre sang and danced and where the altar to Dionysus, the thymele was located.
A greek word meaning teacher that was the term for the playwright in Ancient Greek theatre who also functioned as our modern concept of "director."
Ancient Greek playwright who lived from 524-456 B.C.E., credited with adding a second actor onstage, wrote The Orestia; seven of his plays exist.
Ancient Greek playwright who lived from 496-406 B.C.E., credited with adding a third actor onstage, wrote Oedipus Rex, Antigone; seven plays exist.
Ancient Greek playwright who lived from 484-406 B.C.E., wrote Medea, The Trojan Women, The Bacchae; eighteen of his plays exist.
Ancient Greek playwright who lived from 450-385 B.C.E., wrote comedies with fantasy themes such as The Birds, The Wasps, The Frogs, Lysistrata; eleven plays extant.
Ancient Greek playwright who lived from 342-290 B.C.E., one of the most popular playwrights of antiquity, we only have one complete play, Dsykolos (The Grouch) and parts of over eighty plays.
A trait or belief which causes a character in Greek drama to come to their downfall, usually translated as "fatal flaw."
Ancient Roman philosopher who wrote a treatise called Ars Poetica.
A play poking fun at a tragedy.
Ancient Roman playwright who lived from 240-180 B.C.E. and wrote comedies adapted from Greek New Comedies, author of Casina (A Funny Thing Happened On the Way to the Wedding.)
Roman playwright of tragedies whose work greatly influenced playwrights in the Renaissance and Neoclassical eras.
In both Greek and Roman theatre, was a term that applied to many popular forms of entertainment such as short playlets, mimetic dance, imitations of animals and birds, singing, acrobatics, juggling, and more.
Deus ex machina
Literally translated as "god from the machine" which refers to a contrived ending to a plot.
Plays written primarily in Latin portraying stories from the Bible, first emerged in the early Middle Ages.
Plays written in the spoken languages of individual countries in Europe rather than in Latin that portrayed stories from the Bible, also called Mystery Plays.
A type of Miracle play that was a "mega-play" made up of many shorter plays, or pageants, that told the whole cosmic story of the Bible from beginning to end.
A play that developed in the later Medieval times that told a moral story but did not use stories directly from the Bible.
A play where one or more things represent or stand in for something else.
Short plays or playlets that told individual stories from the Bible and were part of a larger cycle play.
Set pieces built for the pageants or miracle plays that represented a specific place from a Biblical story.
Wagons built with mansions on them made specifically to travel from place to place presenting a pageant.
Mansions were laid out in a line and audience members moved from mansion to mansion to see each successive part of a cycle play.
Pageant wagons moved from one group of audience members to the next group presenting their play for each audience in turn.
Type of staging of Medieval plays in which the audience sat in a circle and the performers came down from mansions surrounding the audience to perform a play on a central stage in the midst of the audience.
Comedies that evolved out of morality plays in France.
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