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Unit 2- Key People & Groups
Terms in this set (28)
John D Rockefeller
(1839-1937) American industrialist and philanthropist; made a fortune in the oil business and used vertical and horizontal integration to establish a monopoly on the steel business.
(1835-1919) American industrialist and humanitarian; focused his attention on steelmaking and made a fortune through his vertical integration method.
(1794-1877) American business leader who controlled New York Central railroad and up to 4,500 miles of railroad track; later donated $1 million to a Tennessee university.
(1831-1897) American business leader who made a fortune in the railroad business by designing and building railroad cars, including a sleeper car.
Thomas Alva Edison
(1847-1931) American inventor of over 1,000 patents; invented the lightbulb and established a power plant that supplied electricity to parts of New York City
(1860-1935) American social worker and activist; co-founder of Hull House, an organization that focused on the needs of immigrants; helped found the American Civil Liberties Union and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
Political party formed in 1892 that supported free coinage of silver, work reforms, immigration restrictions, and government ownership of railroads and telegraph and telephone systems.
Booker T Washington
(1856-1915) African American educator and civil rights leader; born into slavery and later became the head of Tuskegee Institute for career training for African Americans; advocate for conservative social change.
(1868-1963) African American educator, editor, and writer; led the Niagara Movement, calling for economic and educational equality for African Americans; helped found National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
(1849-1914) Newspaper reporter, reformer, photographer; his book How the Other Half Lives shocked Americans with its descriptions of slum conditions and led to tenement housing legislation in New York.
Term coined for journalists who "raked up" and exposed corruption and problems of society.
(1857-1944) Investigative journalist; she wrote a report condemning the business practices of John Rockefeller in McClure's magazine; articles became the basis for her book; The History of the Standard Oil Company.
(1866-1936) Muckraker and managing editor of McClure's magazine, he wrote about government corruption in his 1904 book, the Shame of the Cities.
(1855-1925) Progressive American politician; active in local Wisconsin issues and challenged party bosses. As governor; began the reform program called the Wisconsin Idea to make state government more professional.
Women's Christian Temperance Movement
Reform organization that led the fight against alcohol in the late 1800s.
(1839-1898) Temperance and women's suffrage advocate, leader in the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) and the Prohibition Party.
(1846-1911) Temperance advocate; took extreme measures to further her cause by entering saloons in her native state of Kansas and smashing bottles of alcohol with a hatchet.
National Association of Colored Women
Organization founded in 1896 that worked to fight poverty, segregation, lynchings, and the persistence of Jim Crow Laws that denied African Americans the right to vote; later it campaigned for temperance and women's suffrage; helped form settlement houses, hospitals and schools to serve African Americans.
(1820-1906) American social reformer; active in the temperance, abolitionist, and women's suffrage movements and was co-organizer and president of the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA).
National American Woman Suffrage Association
NAWSA organization founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony in 1890 to obtain women's right to vote.
(1858-1919) Twenty-sixth president of the US; focused his efforts on trust busting, environmental conservation, and strong foreign policy.
(1878-1968) Novelist whose 1906 book, The Jungle, depicted the unsanitary conditions at meatpacking plants; book brought about a public outcry, which led to consumer-protection laws.
(1838-1914) Naturalist who believed the wilderness should be preserved in its natural state; largely responsible for the creation of Yosemite National Park in California.
(1865-1946) Conservationist who was chief of the Forest Service; under his leadership millions of acres of land were added to the national forests.
(1857-1930) Twenty-seventh president of US; angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms & by supporting Payne-Aldrich Tariff; lost Roosevelt's support; defeated for a second term.
(1866-1945) Governor of California and US senator; helped form the Progressive Party, or Bull Moose Party, and ran as its vice-presidential candidate with Theodore Roosevelt.
(1856-1924) Twenty-eighth president of the US; proposed the League of Nations after WWI; reform legislation included direct election of senators, prohibition, and women's suffrage; created the Federal Reserve System and the federal Trade Commission and enacted child labor laws.
(1885-1977) American social reformer, suffragist, and activist; founder of the organization that became the National Woman's Party (NWP) that worked to obtain women's suffrage.
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