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Minersville School District vs. Gobitis (1940)
students are required to salute the flag despite religious beliefs
West VA State Board of Education vs. Barnette (1943)
saluting the flag is voluntary and not compulsory if there are religious objections
Engle vs. Vitale (1962)
no child could be compelled to participate in school prayer because it was against the Establishment clause
Walz vs. Tax Commission of the City of New York (1970)
court upheld tax-exempt status for religious institutions
Lemon vs. Kurtzman (1971)
guidelines to determine whether policy, action, or law violated the establishment clause--purely secular in purpose, neither inhibit nor advance religion, and no government entanglement in religion
Edwards vs. Aguillard (1987)
struck down a Louisiana law requiring the teaching of "creation science" in the public schools as a counter to the teaching of evolution. The court ruled that the law prohibits use of public funds for religious purpose
Scopes vs. Tennessee (1925)
Scopes was convicted of violating a Tennessee law prohibiting the teaching of evolution
Zorach vs. Clausen (1952)
NY City's released time programs was challenged, but the court held that the program did not aid religion. It simply required that public schools "accommodate" a program of outside religious instruction
Church of Lakumi Babalue Aye vs. City of Hileah (1987)
South Carolina overturned community law banning animal sacrifice as a religious rite
Welsh vs. U.S. (1970)
allowed moral, ethical, and philosophical reasons for conscientious objector status
McCollum vs. Board of Education (1948)
public classrooms and facilities could not be used for religious instruction
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