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155 terms

LOM chapter 15

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cancellous bone
spongy, porous bone tissue is also called
foramen
an opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and lease is a
condyle
knuckle-like process at the end of a bone is called a
face
mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the
cranium
occipital, sphenoid, frontal, temporal, and ethmoid are bones of the
diaphysis
the shaft of a long bone is called a
scoliosis
lateral curvature of the spinal column
osteomalacia
vitamin D deficiency leads to softening of bone, which is know as
humeral
pertaining to the upper arm bone
scapula
the shoulder bone is the
fibula
the smaller of the two lower leg bones is the
osteomyelitis
inflammation of bone and bone marrow
comminuted fracture
a splintered or crushed bone
arthroplasty
surgical repair of a joint
osteoarthritis
chronic inflammation of bones and joints due to degeneration changes in cartilage
gouty arthritis
inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation
leiomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
atrophy
wasting away (no development) of muscle
calcium and phosperous
two mineral substances necessary for proper development of bones are
diaphysis
the shaft of a long bone is called a
epiphysis
the ends of a long bone are called the
cartilage
the bones of a fetus are mainly composed of....tissue
osteoblasts
during bone development, immature bone cells called....produce bony tissue
cacellous
red bone marrow is found in spongy or....bone
periosteum
the strong membrane surrounding the surface of a bone is the...
compact bone
hard, dense bone tissue lying under the periosteum is called..
orthopedist
the physician who treats bones and bone diseases is an...
haversion
series of bone canals containing blood vessels are the
frontal bone
forms the forehead
zygomatic bone
cheeck bone
maxilla
upper jaw bone
occipital bone
forms the back and base of the skull
mandible
lower jaw bone
parietal bone
forms the roof and upper side of the skull
lacrimal bone
two paired bones at the corner of each eye
temporal bone
bone near the ear; connected to the lower jaw
scapula
shoulder bone
humerus
upper are bone
sternum
breastbone
femur
thigh bone
phalanges
finger bones
clavicle
collar bone
carpals
wrist bone
patella
kneecap
tarsals
foot bones
vertebral column
backbone
scoliosis
later curvature of the spine
myelopoiesis
formation of bone marrow
lodosis
abnormal anterior curvature of the spine
exostoses
benign tumors arising from the bone surface
kyphosis
humpback
talipes
clubfoot
spondylolisthesis
subluxation of a vertebra
tendonitis
inflammtion of a tendon
rheumatologist
doctor specializing in joint disorders
chondroma
tumor (benign) of cartilage
arthrotomy
incision of a joint
ankylosis
stiffened, immobile joint
tenorrhaphy
suture of a tendon
chondromalacia
softening of cartilage
chonderosarcoma
tumor (malignant) of cartilage
bursitis
inflammation of a sac of fluid near a joint
fascia
fibrous membrane sperating muscles
abduction
movement away from the midline
myocardial
pertaining to heart muscle
polymalagia
pain of many muscles
supination
act of turning the palm forward or upward
visceral
muscle connected to internal organs
insertion
connection of muscle to the bone that moves
origin
connection of muscle to a stationary bone
achondroplasia
an inherited condition in which bones of the arm and legs fail to grow normally because of a defet in cartilage and bone formation
ganglion
cystic mass arising from a tendon in the wrist
gouty arthritis
inflammation of joints caused by accumulation of uric acid
osteoarthritis
degenerative joint disease; chronic inflammation of bones and joints
ankylosis spondylitis
chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, especially of the spine
carpal tummel syndrome
compression of the median nerve in the wrist
bunion
abnormal swelling of metatarsophalangeal joint
lyme disease
thick-borne bacterium causes this type of arthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic joint disease with inlflamed and painful joints; marked by swollen and thickened synovial membranes
systemic lupus erythematosis
chronic inflammatory disease affecting skin (red rash on face), kidneys, heart, and lungs as well as joints
dislocation
displacement of a bone from its joint
extention
straightening out a limb
rotation
circular movement around an axis
flexion
bending a limb
adduction
movement toward the midline
pronation
turning the palm backward
abduction
movement away from the midline
sphenoid bone
bat-shaped cranial bone behind the eyes
greater trochanter
large process below the neck of the femur
epiphysis
end of a long bone
cartilage
flexible connective tissue at joints
colles fracture
bone break at the wrist
malleolus
round process on both sides on ankle
occipital bone
forms the back and base of the skull
osteodystrophy
poor development of bone
peroneal
pertaing to the smaller lower leg bone
acetabulum
hip socket
ethmoid bone
thin, delicate cranial bone; supports the nasal cavity
myelopoiesis
formation of bone marrow
osteogenicsarcoma
malignant bone marrow
illium
upper part of the hip bone
spondylolithiasis
forward vertebral subluxation
comminuted fracture
bone is plinted or crushed
calcanous
heel bone
olecranon
elbow bone
talipes
club foot
electromyography
process of recording the electrical activity of muscle
ankilosing spondylitis
chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints (primarily the spine)
arthrodosis
bones are fused accross the joint space
tendonitis
inflammation of the tissue connecting bones and muscles
achondroplasia
bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size
dorsi flexion
bending of the foot backward
supination
act of turning the palm forward
abduction
movement away from the midline of the body
synovitis
inflammation of the membrane lining the joint
leimyosarcoma
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
strain
trauma to a muscle from violent contraction or excessive stretching
polymyositis
inflammation of many muscles
sprain
trauma to a joint due to injury to ligaments
pyrexia
fever
hyperuricemia
blood condition found in gouty arthritis
rhabdomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of skeletal muscle
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic disease of joint inflammation
bunion
abnormal swelling of the metatarsophalangeal joint
bursae
sac of fluid near a joint
podagra
extreme pain of the big toe associated with gouty arthritis
ulna
lower arm bone
ilium
upper part of the hip bone
diaphysis
the shaft of a long bone
clavicle
collarbone
bursa
sac of fluid near joints
lordosis
condition of anterior curvature of the spine
fubula
smaller of the two leg bones
tibia
larger of the two leg bones
olecranon
the elbow
metatarsal
a foot bone
cranial bones
skull bone; ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid and temporal
calcium
mineral constituent of bone
acromion
outward extension of the shoulder bone
cancellous bone
spongy, porpus bone tissue in the inner part of bone
acetabulum
rounded depression of socket in the pelvis; forms the hip joint
collagen
dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone
condyle
knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near a joint
articular cartilage
thin layer surrounding the bones in a joint
compact bone
hard, dense bone tissue usually found around the outer portion of a bone
fossa
shallow cavity in a bone
diaphysis
shaft, or mid-portion of a long bone
disk
flat, round plate-like structure between two vertebrae
fontanelle
soft spot between the skull bones of an infant
fissure
narrow, slit like opening in or between bones
facial bones
bones of the face; lacrimal, mandibular, maxillary, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic bones
haversian canals
minute spaces filled with blood vessels, found in compact bone
epiphysis
each end of a long bone
forman
opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave
malleolus
rounded process on both sides of the ankle joint