23 terms

Pillars of Islam

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5 Pillars of Islam
most important teachings of Muhammad; religious duties that unite the Muslim community
faith
professes that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is God's messenger
prayer
includes a ritual 5 times per day - bowing with hands on knees, standing, prostrating and sitting in a special position
charity
giving based on accumulated wealth; providing for the poor and needy
fasting
abstain from food and drink from dawn to dusk during Ramadan, and are to be especially mindful of other sins
pilgrimage
journey to the Holy City of Mecca
charity
stems from the principle of knowing that all things belong to God (Allah) and is essential to purification and growth
charity
personal responsibility of each Muslim to ease the economic hardship of others and to strive towards eliminating inequality
prayer
the mosque is the more preferable place for this pillar because the mosque allows for fellowship
mosque
worship center for the Islamic faith
faith
the first pillar which is essential to convert to Islam
fasting
allow Muslims to seek nearness and to look for forgiveness from God, to express their gratitude to and dependence on him, atone for their past sins, and to remind them of the needy
fasting
refraining from violence, anger, envy, greed, lust, profane language, gossip and to try to get along with fellow Muslims better
fasting
all obscene and irreligious sights and sounds are to be avoided
pilgrimage
must dress in Ihram clothing, which consists of two white sheets during this pillar
hajj
one who made the pilgrimage to Mecca
Mecca
Holy city of Islam;
An ancient city in Arabia and the birthplace of Muhammad
Kaaba
The most sacred temple of Islam, located at Mecca
Ramadan
ninth month of the Islamic calendar
Ramadan
lasts 29-30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon
Quran/Koran
Holy book of Islam
caliph
successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims
theocracy
government ruled a religious leader