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food labels express the nutrient content in relation to a set of standard values known as the
a compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with 3 fatty acids attached to a molecule of glycerol
when blood glucose concentration falls, what pancreatic hormone is secreted to stimulate release of stored glucose
limiting amino acid
essential amino acid present in insufficient quantity for body protein synthesis to take place
when a person is performing intense physical exercise and begins to feel fatigue and a burning pain in the muscles, the response of the muscles is to synthesize more
it assists enzymes that degrade certain regions of the bone thereby allowing remodeling to occur
what adverse response is known to occur in people who drink copious amounts of water while participating in intense physical activity
breast milk as the sole source of nutrition, up to the first 6 months in healthy infants, is satisfactory for all nutrients except
all of the following substances or practices should be totally eliminated during pregnancy except
a child who drinks a lot of milk at the expense of other foods is at high risk of showing signs of
vitamin a and c
according to nutrition labeling laws, the amounts of what two vitamins must be listed on the package label
consists of wavelike muscular contractions resulting from alternate tightening and relaxing of circular muscles and longitudinal muscles
immediately after absorption, what circulatory system carries the fat-soluble vitamins and large fats
the oils found in walnuts, soybeans, flaxseed, and wheat germ represent a good source of preformed
amino acid pool
a mix of essential and nonessential amino acids derived from protein breakdown and dietary protein intake
complementary protein nutrition
a strategy that combines plant proteins in the same day to improve the balance of essential amino acids
removal of its amino group
after digestion and absorption, an amino acid not used to build protein will first be subjected to
water and carbon dioxide
in addition to energy, what are the principal end products of cellular oxidation of carbohydrates
cooking a food in liberal amounts of water is least likely to affect the vitamin content of
minerals is involved in the transportation of lipids through the body's lymph and blood systems
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