18 terms

Ottoman Empire

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Ottoman Empire
begin in 1299 in Turkey, and spread to SW Asia, Africa, & Europe; center of culture and learning
Ottomans
followers of Osman, the Turkish warrior and Muslim
Byzantine
Eastern Roman Empire that ruled before the Ottoman Empire
Osman
1st Ottoman sultan
sultan
rulers and military leaders of a Muslim state
Suleiman
known as "The Magnificent" and "Law Giver"; expanded the empire to the west; best known Muslim leader in world (at the time)
Ottoman
this empire controlled the trade of SW Asia and Europe's access to goods
Islam
religion the Ottomans followed
Suleiman's death
Ottoman empire began to decline after this
"Sick Man of Europe"
refers to the Ottoman Empire gaining and losing territory that caused its decline
Turkey
largest Muslim country in Europe
Central Powers
Ottomans joined them in WW1
partitioning
refers to the Ottoman Empire being divided among the British, French, & U.K after WW1
nationalism
love of one's country
partitioning
led to years of regional conflict and wars for years in the Middle East
Constantinople
capital city of Ottomans; currently called Istanbul, Turkey
Janissaries
powerful soldiers loyal to the sultan
colonization
One country taking over another area to be used for their benefit