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38 terms

Lifespan Final Exam 3

PART 3
STUDY
PLAY
According to Piaget, newborn babies cannot create internal representations, such as mental images and as a result they lac
object permanence
in the contact of Piaget theory to say that a child is egocentric means that he or she is
unable to assume the viewpoint of others
Baby Jay accidentally sucked his thumb now he seems to love to suck his thumb and has leaned to do it over and over again. This best exemplifies the concept of a
Primary circular reaction
Piaget believed that cognition develops through a process of
assimilation and accommodation
according to vygotsy, the range of tasks a child cannot yet master alone but that she or he can accomplish with the guidance of a more capable partner is known as the zone of
proximal develpment
This form of memory lasts only 1 to 2 seconds in most situations
sensory learning
an individual whose behavior demonstrates the effects of past experience but who is not consciously aware that they are doing so is demonstrating which type of memory
implicit
semantic memories are best described as memories for
general facts
if you turn on a floor fan, an infant will immediately orient its head toward the sound. after a while the infant appears to have lost interest what is this an example of
habituation
Rovee Collier and colleagues technique for studying infant memory in which a ribbon tied to an infants foot is attached to a mobile above their crib relies heavily on ____ conditioning techniques.
operant
SAM and sue are shopping for groceries. SAM looks at the list and tells sue "car food, soap, toilet paper, flour" this best illustrates the use of which memory state
rehearsal
which of the following sequences best describes the order in which memory strategies are acquired from early childhood to adolescence
rehearsal, organization, elaboration
The main distinction between short term memory and woring memory is that working memory
is sensory based
jack knows that he can more easily memorize and recall a lists of ten familiar words than he can ten unfamiliar words. this knowledge provides an excellent example of
meta memory
Suppose that you are on a jury in which a five year old child has provided eyewitness testimony about an automobile accident. Based on what you know about memory development in young children you should keep in mind that
young children are more suggestible than adults are
as a typical eighty year old Ernie would have a greater than expected number of autobiographical memories for events from his
teens and twenties
which of the following tasks typically shows the smallest declines with age in healthy older adults
vocabulary knowledge
according to the psychometric approach to intelligence, intelligence
is made up of traits that vary and can be measured
spearmans intelligence concept of "g" was based on the observation that
performance is correlated across many tasks
crystallized intelligence is form of intelligence that includes all of the following abilities except
recognizing relationships between two objects you have bever seen before
the intelligence test developed by binet and simon was specifically designed to
determine which school children needed to be put in special classes
Based on the way in which IQ was originally calculated, an average ten year old would have
both chronological and mental age of ten
the wechsler adult intelligence scale test differs from the stanford binet test because only the WAIS IV
has separate scores for verbal and performance abilities
to say that test scores are normally distributed around the average score means that
most people score in the average range and fw people score very high or very low
the fact that adults born in the 1980s have higher adult IQ's than adults born in the 1950s illustrates
Flynn
Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences
lins distinct types of intelligence to specific areas of the brain
an intelligence test in which the difficulty of questions is gradually increased such that the first items are ones a person can answer easily and the final questions are ones they cannot answer at all is using the ______ method of testing
adaptive
research on changes in intellectual abilities during adulthood indicates that
fluid intelligence declines earlier and more quickly than crystallized intelligence
creativity tests such as "how many uses can you think of for a coffee mug" differ from tests of intelligence in requiring what kind of thinking
divergent
at which age do intelligence tests start doing a reasonable good job of predicting IQ in adulthood
four
The use of a test yielding a developmental quotient over a test yielding an iq is most appropriate when you are assessing
infants
who would be most likely to argue that the vast majority of personality is formed between birth and age six
Fred. who is a psycho-dynamic theorist
albright is a self described "big five" advocate when it comes to personality. Given his self description albright would be best described as a _____ theorist
trait
Vicki was reserved as a baby shy as a child an shy as an adult. social cognitive theorists would say that Vicki
is a product of environments that consistently fostered the same personality trait
Research by Kagan and his colleagues concluded that behavioral inhibition is _____ rooted.
biologically
which of the following big five personality traits seems to change least over the lifespan in terms of overall amount of the trait possessed demonstrated by individuals in different age groups
extroversion
which statement is most correct concerning personality change throughout adulthood
personality traits tend to remain stable when compared to toher adutls of the same age
a biologically based tendency to respond to stimuli in particular ways best describes what is known as
temperament